i] are correction factors for the effects of ion recombination, humidity, air attenuation, electron loss, photon scatter, fluorescence reabsorption, bremsstrahlung
reabsorption, and the initial-ion production (mentioned above) within the FAC, and for the effects of scatter from the defining diaphragm.
Tape is an even better use as an X-ray source than we thought," says Putterman, who in May in Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics identified bremsstrahlung
radiation as the X-ray source.
Large efficiency improvements in BEAMnrc using directional bremsstrahlung
This is referred to as Bremsstrahlung
(from German, meaning "breaking radiation"), an electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle changes its velocity due to such an interaction.
Now comes the relativistic point of this story: (General) relativity leads us to expect that massive bodies undergoing acceleration, such as the members of a binary stellar system, radiate energy as gravitational waves, much as accelerated electrical charges radiate electromagnetic energy as synchrotron radiation or as bremsstrahlung
, so that a binary stellar system should be slowly decreasing the orbital period of mutual rotation of its two stars around their common centre of gravity.
At relatively high electron energies and large scattering angles, an energy loss mechanism referred to as Bremsstrahlung
occurs, which is the light emission due to the deceleration of electrons.
A novel technique to measure cosmic ray signals from the molecular bremsstrahlung
in the GHz frequency range could prove to be a viable solution for the next generation detectors.
Since in both of these cases the bulk of the emission is bremsstrahlung
from primaryelectrons, these results implythat the radiating electrons (are) stronglyanisotropic, with more emission in the directions tangential to the photosphere than in directions away from the Sun" [195, p.
MCNPX's standard physics models were employed with their default settings and included photoelectric absorption, coherent and incoherent scattering, pair production, fluorescence, and bremsstrahlung
generation (from electrons liberated by photon interactions).
However, start explaining to me the ins and outs of how to cook a caramelised parsnip roux in a bain-marie and I'll be out like a light faster than you can say 'Open University Lecture on Nuclear Fusion: Week Two - Bremsstrahlung
losses in quasineutral, isotropic plasmas'.
The trick is to put a batch of stable, or nonradioactive, molybdenum--Mo-100--into the path of those bremsstrahlung
The modules consist of a high-resolution electron energy loss spectrometer (HREELS), a double atomic force microscope (AFM), a bremsstrahlung
isochromat detector (BIS), an XPS microfocus option, and a UHV Kelvin probe.