breath-holding spell


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breath-holding spell

stereotyped sequence seen in children responding to frustration or anger, with vigorous crying, and subsequent apnea and cyanosis followed by cessation of breathing and skin color changes with loss of consciousness.

breath-holding spell

An involuntary pause in breathing, typically occurring in response to a surprise or personal setback which may, in extreme cases, be accompanied by a loss of consciousness.
References in periodicals archive ?
Q My toddler had a cyanotic breath-holding spell after a fall where he struck his head on concrete from a height of about four to five feet.
Non epileptic paroxysmal events and the epileptic conditions that they imitate NEPE Imitating epileptic condition Syncope Generalized tonic-clonic seizure, focal seizures, abscence seizures, drop attacks, myoclonic seizures Breath-holding spell Tonic spasms Sandifer syndrome Tonic spasms, infantile spasm Sleep disorders Frontal lobe seizures, rolandic seizure Benign sleep myoclonus Myoclonic seizure, focal seizures Pseudo-crises Status epilepticus, non-convulsive status, tonic clonic seizures, abscence seizures, focal seizures Migraine Occipital lobe seizures, temporal lob seizures Nepe: Non epileptic paroxysmal events
KEY WORDS: Breath-holding spell Corrected QT Electroencephalography Iron deficiency anemia.
Some parents may be alarmed about epilepsy, but it may help to describe a typical breath-holding spell for them.
Although there is controversy as to whether or not all patients presenting to the emergency department should be admitted (Claudius & Keens, 2007), to not deviate from the standard of care (Goldberg, Schwartz, & Picard, 2007), there would need to be clear and convincing evidence that the infant only experienced a breath-holding spell.
If your child's doctor confirms that the episode was indeed a breath-holding spell, your child may be checked for anemia.
Once parents have witnessed one breath-holding spell, often they can predict when another is about to happen.
Breath-holding spells (cyanotic and pallid infantile syncope).
To date, no prevalence information is available concerning the occurrence of breath-holding spells in adults.
Pallid breath-holding spells, which are less common, are typically initiated by a painful experience, such as falling and striking the head, or a sudden startle.
Breath-holding spells are events where children will cry until they begin to turn blue with loss of consciousness and collapse.