breath-holding spell


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breath-holding spell

stereotyped sequence seen in children responding to frustration or anger, with vigorous crying, and subsequent apnea and cyanosis followed by cessation of breathing and skin color changes with loss of consciousness.

breath-holding spell

An involuntary pause in breathing, typically occurring in response to a surprise or personal setback which may, in extreme cases, be accompanied by a loss of consciousness.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the most common are syncope, breath-holding spells, benign paroxysmal vertigo, pseudo-seizures and episodic dys-control or rage attacks.
Breath-holding spells are an involuntary reflex that begins in toddlerhood and usually resolves by the time the child starts school.
To date, no prevalence information is available concerning the occurrence of breath-holding spells in adults.
Specifically, Bhat and colleagues (2007) found 35 cases of anemia in a sample of 59 children exhibiting breath-holding spells.