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An infraction or violation of the law, which is either intentional (an act of commission) or unintentional (an omission).

See security breach

noun A term used in the context of time-dependent health care targets in the UK, in which a particular type of patient interaction with NHS health providers did not occur in the desired time frame. In A&E (casualty), patients must be seen within 4 hours, regardless of their level of acuity; any longer than 4 hours is regarded as a breach. For cancer targets, a patient is said to have breached when he/she has not been seen by an oncologist within 31 days of an urgent GP referral, or if definitive cancer therapy has not begun or at least been offered to the patient within 62 days of an urgent GP referral.

verb To have not begun definitive therapy for cancer within 62 days (as required by government cancer targets).


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


n action taken by one party in an agreement that serves to convince the other party that the terms of the contract will not be fulfilled. The faithful party may consider the contract canceled at that point.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ashley Hughes, 19, from Birmingham, Damien Heywood, 27, Andy Evans, 21, both Lance Corporals, and Dean Rushton, 21, all from Manchester, Gary Farrell, 23, from Newcastleupon- Tyne and Christopher Wenham, 19, from London, deny malicious damage and breach of the peace.
A 23-year-old female was arrested for breach of the peace and attempting to pervert the course of justice.
That resulted in the arrest of Miss Plaice, purporting to be for the prevention of a breach of the peace, and without her having access to an injunction.
A force spokeswoman said: "We can confirm a 33-year-old man has been arrested in connection with an alleged breach of the peace following police TURN TO PAGE 11
Curtis Corrigan, aged 23, of Lidderdale Road in L15, was charged with breach of the peace.
John Anderson aged 40, of Thomas Lane Street, Bell Green, Coventry, conduct causing a breach of the peace, bound over to keep the peace.
He was also charged with racial breach of the peace.
In March last year, he head butted a police officer while being arrested for breach of the peace at his parents' home and was given a 12-month conditional discharge.
A Euro MP who took part in a mass demonstration outside a nuclear submarine base was yesterday fined pounds 150 for breach of the peace.
David will face charges of assault, breach of the peace and racially aggravated breach of the peace.
A total of 25 were arrested for breach of the peace, five for burglary and four for possession of an explosive item after bS eing picked up with petrol cans on Borough Road, Birkenhead.
Jaswant Singh, aged 47, of Hocking Road, Wyken, Coventry, conduct likely to cause a breach of the peace, bound over for six months.