brassica


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Related to brassica: Brassica juncea, Brassica rapa

brassica

(brăs′ĭ-kă) [L. “cabbage”]
The family of vegetables that includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower.

brassica

any member of the family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae, particularly members of the genus Brassica, e.g. cabbage, swede.

Brassica

a genus of plants of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) family containing a large number of cultivated plants eaten by humans and food animals. Poisoning with them is rare but under particular growing conditions and if the diet consists almost entirely of the one plant some massive outbreaks of poisoning can occur.
Poisoning syndromes attributed to Brassica spp. include hemolytic anemia (kale anemia) caused by SMCO, goiter from glucosinolates, nitrate/nitrite, photosensitization, blindness (polioencephalomalacia), respiratory distress and rumen stasis.
Includes B. campestris (B. rapa), B. hirta (Sinapis alba), B. juncea (Indian or leaf mustard), B. kaber (Sinapis arvensis), B. napus var. napus (B. napus), B. sinapistrum (Sinapis arvensis).

Brassica alba
annual weed; the seed is used, together with that of B. nigra, to make commercial mustard. The seed, stubble or plant in pod can cause gastroenteritis with signs of abdominal pain, salivation and diarrhea. The toxin is a mixture of isothiocyanates called mustard oil. The enzyme myrosinase is needed to activate the oil and produce irritant effect. Oil cake containing the oil may be nontoxic because myrosinase is inactivated but can become toxic if animal has access to alternative source of the enzyme simultaneously.
Brassica napobrassica
swede turnip.
Brassica napus
rape or canola.
Brassica nigra
seeds are used in mixtures with B. alba in the manufacture of commercial mustard powder. Can cause poisoning as for B. alba (see above).
Brassica oleracea
the commercial vegetables and cultivated fodder plants. Includes B. o. var. acephala (kale, cole, chou moellier), B. o. var. botrytis (cauliflower), B. o. var. capitata (cabbage), B. o. var. gemmifera (Brussel sprouts), B. o. var. italica (broccoli, calabrese).
Brassica rapa
turnip.
Brassica rapa subsp. campestris
turnip rape.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genomic DNA was extracted from each Brassica accession, line and/or variety using the modified cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) method as reported by [19].
Comparative population of different pests on different varieties of brassica.
Glucose tolerance property of Brassica juncea leaves was determined as per the procedure previously described by Joy and Kuttan (1999) with minor modifications.
Brassicas such as turnips, radishes, rape, kale and canola immediately come to mind.
Brassica Protection Products LLC (BPP) is an innovator in the research and development of nutritional ingredients derived from cruciferous vegetables.
After switching the sunflowers for brassica, sales rocketed by nearly 150 per cent.
One of the best sites for a brassica crop is a field that needs reseeding.
Genetics, genomics and breeding of oilseed Brassicas.
This paper first gives an overview of the epidemiological data concerning the cancer-preventive effect of brassica vegetables, including cabbages, kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower.
By sequencing Brassica rapa, researchers were able to access half of oilseed rape's genes without having to wrestle with its large and complicated genome.
Or send cheques/POs, made payable to DT Brown Seeds, to: People Brassicas Offer, DT Brown, Rookery Farm, Holbeach St Johns, Spalding, PE12 8SG.