branched-chain amino acids

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Related to branched-chain amino acids: BCAAs

branched-chain amino acids (BCAA)

leucine, isoleucine, and valine; they are incorporated into proteins or catabolized for energy.

branched-chain amino acids

Abbreviation: BCAA
The essential amino acids, leucine, isoleucine, and valine. “Branched-chain” refers to their chemical structure. They are therapeutically valuable because they bypass the liver and are available for cellular uptake from the circulation. Parenteral administration, alone or mixed with other amino acids, is thought to be beneficial whenever catabolism due to physiological stress occurs. Skeletal muscles use BCAAs for their anticatabolic effects.
See also: amino acid
References in periodicals archive ?
However, emerging evidence indicates that the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and other fractions found in whey mimic many of the longevity benefits of calorie restriction (CR).
2] Nonstandard abbreviations: T2D, type 2 diabetes; BCAA, branched-chain amino acid.
2007) Branched-chain amino acids and arginine supplementation attenuates skeletal muscle proteolysis induced by moderate exercise in young individuals.
In the new study, the researchers gave middle-aged, male mice extra branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in their drinking water.
Hematologic problems can be seen in patients with inborn errors of branched-chain amino acid metabolism.
In conclusion, supplementation of branched-chain amino acids to the diet for female rats throughout the gestation period increases litter size, embryonic weight and litter embryo weight by improving the uterus and placental functions of dams as well as increasing gluconeogenesis of BCAA in embryonic liver, which provides energy to enhance fetal growth.
In the following years, Dancis et al identified the pathogenetic compounds as branched-chain amino acids and their corresponding alpha-keto acids.
The researchers prepared solutions containing arginine and the branched-chain amino acids valine, leucine and isoleucine, mapping out the concentrations at which respondents judged the beverage to be too bitter.
Whey is rich in branched-chain amino acids, components that provide energy for those undergoing intense or prolonged periods of exercise.
Metabolism of branched-chain amino acids in altered nutrition.
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD)--MSUD is caused by abnormal metabolism of three branched-chain amino acids.
The bars are also described as an excellent source of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), supplying 2.

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