The differential diagnosis of brainstem encephalitis
varies depending on population and geographical region.
The omnipause neurons are affected in brainstem encephalitis
and also when there is impaired control of the brainstem saccade generating network by the cerebellum.
Laura says doctors told her brainstem encephalitis
, a rare immune disorder, may have been responsible but they are unable to say for sure.
Location of paraneoplastic neurological syndrome and subtypes described Brain Limbic encephalitis Brainstem encephalitis
Cerebellar degeneration Opsoclonus-myoclonus Visual syndromes--cancer-associated retinopathy, optic neuritis Extrapyramidal syndromes--chorea, parkinsonism Spinal cord Necrotising myelopathy Inflammatory myelitis Motor neuron dise ase Stiff person syndrome Subacute motor neuropathy Dorsal root Sensory neuropathy ganglion Peripheral Autonomic neuropathy nerve Acute sensorimotor neuropathy, e.
However, it may cause severe and sometimes fatal neurologic complications, such as brainstem encephalitis
and polio-like paralysis (1 ).
6) Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis
occurs in a similar location as CLIPPERS but is radiologically distinct.
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM), steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis
(BBE) are some of the disorders that might present with a localized lesion that specifically involves the pontine area (3).
associated with Chandipura in Andhra Pradesh outbreak.
The clinically silent periventricular MRI lesion with MS-characteristic Dawson finger shape was inconsistent with recurrent brainstem encephalitis
and suggests a relevant risk for conversion to CDMS.
Acute transverse myelitis and brainstem encephalitis
associated with hepatitis A infection.
The pathologic findings in the brainstem and the severity of disease are most analogous to viral meningitis, acute motor neuron disease, and brainstem encephalitis
that complicate infections with enterovirus 71, a species A enterovirus.
Herpes simplex virus brainstem encephalitis
in an AIDS patient.