neural oscillation

(redirected from brain oscillation)

neural oscillation

A series of rhythmic waves of neuronal excitation in the CNS, sustained either by reverberation of electrical activity in neuronal loops or dependent on increases in membrane excitability.
References in periodicals archive ?
In recent years brain oscillations have become an intense focus of research by Voytek and others seeking to discover any functional roles they might play.
Researchers reporting online April 11 in the Cell Press journal Neuron have found that playing sounds synchronized to the rhythm of the slow brain oscillations of people who are sleeping enhances these oscillations and boosts their memory.
Researchers have found that playing sounds synchronized to the rhythm of the slow brain oscillations of people who are sleeping enhances these oscillations and boosts their memory.
In work published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team has found NMDA receptors are essential in modifying brain oscillations - electrical wave patterns - which are altered in patients with schizophrenia.
Indeed, these reductions in brain oscillations were more sensitive than measurements of the P3 amplitude in discriminating between high- and low-risk offspring (Rangaswamy et al.
Knight's work in delineating the contribution of the frontal cortex in orchestrating human behavior and the recent discovery that ultra fast brain oscillations track behavior in the human cortex that earned him nomination and selection as a 2008 Humboldt Research Award winner.
com/research/309ccf/slow_brain_oscilla) has announced the addition of Elsevier Science and Technology's new report "Slow Brain Oscillations of Sleep, Resting State and Vigilance" to their offering.
In short, we seek to characterize the role of brain oscillations entrained to stimulation rhythm (Predictive Timing) in modulating neuronal adaptation to stimulus statistics (Predictive Coding) at cortical and subcortical stages of the auditory pathway, integrating information obtained at a neuronal macro-scale, observed with human electroencephalography, with that obtained at a micro-scale, observed with laminar profiles of post-synaptic potentials and neuronal spiking activity in macaques.
The study highlights how synchronized brain oscillations are important for the communication and interaction of different brain regions.
Variations in GABRA2, encoding the [alpha]2 subunit of the GABA-A receptor, are associated with alcohol dependence and with brain oscillations.
If we can learn to interpret these brain oscillations, it may be possible to successfully intervene in cases ranging from learning disorders to post-traumatic stress, or even to mitigate the effects of cognitive decline with aging.