brain damage


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brain damage

n.
Injury to the brain that is caused by various conditions, such as head trauma, inadequate oxygen supply, infection, or intracranial hemorrhage, and that may be associated with a behavioral or functional abnormality.

brain′-dam′aged (-dăm′ĭjd) adj.

brain damage

A term applied more often to the physically subtle, but functionally serious, injury sustained from temporary oxygen and sugar deprivation, than to gross and obvious injury from direct violence. Brain damage also commonly results from sudden local haemorrhage or THROMBOSIS, causing STROKE, and from toxic substances especially alcohol. Bacterial toxins released in the course of meningitis and brain abscess and inflammation caused by viruses are also damaging. Diseases such as multiple sclerosis can cause brain damage, as can the repeated multiple small haemorrhages sustained in boxing. Brain damage often affects the areas of higher function in a patchy way with loss of certain functions and retention of others. There may be paralysis and loss of sensation on one side of the body, epileptic fits, speech disturbances or loss of word comprehension (APHASIA), loss of certain learned voluntary skills (APRAXIA), or loss of part of the field of vision. Alternatively, brain damage may have a diffuse effect causing, in addition to focal effects, interference with conscious thought, memory and judgement. Loss of memory (amnesia) is a common feature. A proportion of brain-damaged people end up in a state of almost complete loss of the higher mental functions (AMENTIA).

brain damage

in sport this is usually a result of direct trauma to the head. More common in sports such as boxing, horse riding and falls during those carried out at height. See also head injury.

Patient discussion about brain damage

Q. I was wondering the rate at which alcohol induces brain damage. I am not an alcoholic and I use to drink only on weekends. I was wondering the rate at which alcohol induces brain damage; I know that over some years, damage occurs, but does anything happen after a month of drinking on weekends?

A. HI WAYLON;just want to add my two cents here,EVERYTIME YOU TAKE A DRINK IT KILLS BRAIN CELL,I CANT TILL YOU HOW MANY---mrfoot56

Q. What damage does depression do to the brain and how can you treat it? How does it affect your chemical balance, your brain? Is it critical or will be critical later in life? I just read on Yahoo News that Clinical stress could increase risk of Alzheimer's later in life. Does age matter like during teen years? I had depression and begun running. I noticed that I have a hard time focusing and absorbing information. I forgot a lot of things. All my brain seems to focus on is emotions. Can I change that? The running has made me feel a lot better afterwards

A. This is actually a good question- but I couldn’t find any research concerning long term damage from depression. It sounds unreasonable though…because there is no deprivation of oxygen or anything essential in depression. But the brain is a biological system that is under constant change – so it may be that pattern of thought changed. About the Alzheimer's- I only saw articles about depression because of Alzheimer.

More discussions about brain damage
References in periodicals archive ?
Difference in the Configuration Scores among three groups including schizophrenia and brain damage patients and normal individuals
Difference on the 34 deviation patterns on Bender Gestalt between patients of Schizophrenia and Brain Damage
He said her husband wants definitive proof showing the extent of her brain damage.
Furthermore, the kinds of studies that have purported to claim that brain damage or other diseases of significance occur from mycotoxins in the indoor environment are primarily case reports, Gots noted, "and case reports are not terribly meaningful," he said.
Ammonia reaches the brain through the blood, where it can cause brain damage.
1988), however, found that both aged drivers and those with brain damage were able to compensate for their limitations at the operational level by making better decisions at the tactical and strategic levels (e.
This book discusses the causes of brain damage and prevention of brain damage, covering such detailed information as Impact Damage--motor vehicle accidents, contact sports, noncontact sports, accidental injuries of children, brain impairment and family violence, assault, psychosurgery, and ECT and permanent brain damage; and Chemical Damage--industroal toxins, agricultural and domestic neurotoxic substances, neuropsychology of alcohol-induced brain damage, neurological and neuropsychological consequences of drug abuse, and neuropsychological consequences of drug malnutrition.
She was clinically dead, left with a form of brain damage, impaired sight and other cardiac effects that lingered.
SPECIALISTS have been given permission to limit the life-support treatment they give to a baby who suffered brain damage shortly after being born prematurely.
Mr Justice O'Hara made the ruling at Belfast High Court after hearing the five-month-old boy "has suffered such overwhelming and irreversible brain damage that in all likelihood he is now blind, deaf, severely mentally handicapped and severely physically disabled".
LITTLE Travis Goddard is helping children with brain damage.
Sydney, Apr 27( ANI ): Kentucky Fried Chicken has been ordered to pay eight million dollars in damages to the family of a young Sydney girl, who suffered brain damage after she consumed a Twister chicken wrap.