Further fusion or linkages between these elements also occurs in a stereotypical fashion, and the exits of the cranial nerves from the brain bear a distinct relationship to the various original brain case
The brain and the brain case
, which is a different structure, had to undergo simultaneous evolution, for the brain could not operate without its protective shell.
The Dmanisi fossils maybe examples of a hominid species that evolved in western Asia, he says, but "a raft of evidence" from the brain case
, teeth, limbs, hands and feet suggest that H.
Her brain case
and face share many features with skull pieces from Sahelanthropus, a 6- to 7-million-yearold hominid in Chad (SN: 7/13/02, p.
Nonetheless, Flo's brain case
strongly resembles that of a short person with microcephaly, Martin and his colleagues conclude in the November Anatomical Record.
The prehistoric child died at around age 1 but already possessed a brain case
that was at least three-quarters the size of that for an average adult H.
The face was intact, with many teeth in place, and surrounded by several pieces of the individual's brain case
Neandertals and humans share a generally similar growth pattern for the brain case
, face, jaw, and teeth, the investigators note.
As the skull flexes, the cranium becomes rounder and the face shortens and retracts until it's directly under the brain case