neuralgic amyotrophy

(redirected from brachial neuritis)

neu·ral·gic a·my·ot·ro·phy

a neurologic disorder, of unknown cause, characterized by the sudden onset of severe pain, usually about the shoulder and often beginning at night, soon followed by weakness and wasting of various forequarter muscles, particularly shoulder girdle muscles; both sporadic and familial in occurrence with the former much more common; often preceded by some antecedent event, such as an upper respiratory infection, hospitalization, vaccination, or nonspecific trauma; usually attributed to a brachial plexus lesion, because the nerve fibers involved are most often derived from the upper trunk.

neuralgic amyotrophy

[noo͡ral′jik ā′mīot′rəfē]
a brachial plexus disorder characterized by sudden pain and muscle weakness in the upper limbs and sometimes by muscular wasting or atrophy. The cause is unknown. Also called Parsonage-Turner syndrome.
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Neuralgic amyotrophy

shoulder girdle syndrome

A condition evoked by upregulation of the sympathetic nervous system.
 
Aetiology
Contusions, fractures, neurovascular injuries.
 
Clinical findings
Acute searing pain, marked muscle-weakness, vasomotor lability, oedema, osteoporosis and, with time, wasting of the shoulder girdle and upper arm.
 
DiffDx
• Acute phase—Frozen shoulder, calcific tendonitis or arthritis.
• Chronic phase—Rotator cuff tears, nerve root compression.

neu·ral·gic a·my·ot·ro·phy

(nūr-al'jik ā'mī-ot'rŏ-fē)
A neurologic disorder of unknown cause, characterized by the sudden onset of severe pain, usually about the shoulder and often beginning at night, soon followed by weakness and wasting of various forequarter muscles, particularly shoulder girdle muscles; both sporadic and familial in occurrence with the former much more common; often preceded by some antecedent event, such as an upper respiratory infection, hospitalization, vaccination, or nonspecific trauma; usually attributed to a brachial plexus lesion, because the nerve fibers involved are most often derived from the upper trunk, but actually multiple proximal mononeuropathies.
Synonym(s): shoulder-girdle syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
The next most frequent manifestation was PTS, also called brachial neuritis or neuralgic amyotrophy, which was found in 4 patients.
Tell your doctor if you have ever experienced a severe brain disorder, such as encephalopathy (altered consciousness), Guillain-Barre syndrome (severe muscle weakness), brachial neuritis (inflammation of nerves in the arms), or an Arthus-type reaction (severe, exaggerated swelling involving an injection site) after a previous dose of a tetanus toxoid- or pertussis-containing vaccine.
We suspect that the tetanus portion of the vaccination produced TM in our patient because vaccination with tetanus toxoid has been mainly associated with neurological side effects such as recurrent episodes of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), brachial neuritis, peripheral neuropathy, encephalomyeloneuropathy and TM (17-22).
A pain down the buttock or the back of the thigh is not sciatica from nerve-root pressure but merely a referred pain from a low back joint injury, in exactly the same way that pain about the region of the deltoid insertion is a referred pain in the case of a shoulder injury, and not a brachial neuritis from a cervical disc protrusion.
16) described a case of bilateral diaphragm paresis secondary to brachial neuritis following thoracic HZ.
Brachial neuritis with bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis following herpes zoster: a case report.
A total of five reports of seizures have been received, but there have been no reports of Guillain-Barre syndrome, brachial neuritis, transverse myelitis, or Bell's palsy, he added.
Isolated unilateral brachial neuritis of the phrenic nerve (Parsonage-turner syndrome) in a marathon runner with exertional dyspnea.
Brachial neuritis presenting with isolated long thoracic nerve involvement.