brachial


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

brachial

 [bra´ke-al]
pertaining to the upper limb.
brachial plexus a nerve plexus partly in the neck and partly in the axilla, originating from the ventral branches of the last four cervical spinal nerves and most of the ventral branch of the first thoracic spinal nerves. It has a supraclavicular part and an infraclavicular part that give off many of the principal nerves of the shoulder and upper limb.
Brachial plexus.

brach·i·al

(brā'kē-ăl),
Relating to the arm.

brachial

/bra·chi·al/ (bra´ke-al) pertaining to the upper limb.

brachial

(brā′kē-əl, brăk′ē-)
adj.
Of, relating to, or resembling the arm or a similar or homologous part, such as the foreleg, wing, or other forelimb of a vertebrate: the brachial artery.

brachial

[brā′kē·əl]
Etymology: Gk, brachion, arm
pertaining to the arm.

brachial

adjective Referring or belonging to an arm.

brach·i·al

(brā'kē-ăl)
Relating to the arm.

brachial

Pertaining to the arm.

brachial

of or relating to the arm or to an armlike structure.

brachial

of the arm

brachial

pertaining to the forelimb.

brachial avulsion
see brachial plexus avulsion.
brachial block
regional anesthesia applied to the brachial plexus for the purpose of anesthetizing the forelimb.
brachial paralysis
injury to the brachial plexus causes paralysis and atrophy in the front limbs. See also brachial plexus avulsion.
brachial plexus
a nerve plexus originating from the ventral branches of the last four cervical and the first thoracic spinal nerves. It gives off the principal nerves to the shoulder and forelimbs.
brachial plexus neuritis
occurs rarely in dogs. Characterized by an acute onset of pain and weakness in the forelimbs. There is hyporeflexia, neurogenic atrophy and loss of sensation.
References in periodicals archive ?
In PCB, pharyngeal, cervical and brachial muscles may be affected first or constitute the entire illness.
Contralateral C7 nerve root transfers to the radial nerve as treatment for total brachial plexus root avulsion injury (in Chinese).
Keywords: Ischaemic stroke, Peripheral artery disease, Ankle brachial index, Carotid artery stenosis.
To identify factors associated with brachial plexus block failure with supraclavicular, infraclavicular, and axillary approach in surgery of the distal humerus, the elbow, the forearm, and hand at the HUSI between 2011 and 2012.
The normal MR anatomy of the brachial plexus is included in Figure 2.
He said: "After the accident it soon became quite obvious there was a lack of wrist supports to help with brachial plexus injuries.
Future research should consider whether high-fidelity drills would lower the rate of brachial plexus injury, she added.
This denotes that SLE vascular affection begins by vascular stiffness before overt atherosclerosis as most of our patients had normal IMT and normal ankle brachial index.
The axillary artery and the brachial plexus originate in the posterior triangle of the neck, bound by sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles and the clavicle.
Brachial plexus block forms the multipurpose and dependable local anesthetic technique and an appropriate substitute to general anesthesia for upper limb surgery.