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bor·der·line per·son·al·i·ty dis·or·der
1. an enduring and pervasive pattern that begins by early adulthood and is characterized by impulsivity and unpredictability, unstable interpersonal relationships, inappropriate or uncontrolled affect, especially anger, identity disturbances, rapid shifts of mood, suicidal acts, self-mutilations, job and marital instability, chronic feelings of emptiness or boredom, and intolerance of being alone.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.
Etymology: OFr, bordure + L, linea + personalis
a disorder in which there is a pervasive pattern of instability of self-image, interpersonal relationships, and mood. There is almost always a marked, persistent disturbance of identity, which is frequently manifested by uncertainty about more than one important personal issue. The hallmark of borderline personality is the defense mechanism of "splitting" in which the person views people or situations as being either all good or all bad and acts accordingly. Five or more traits are required to meet the criteria for borderline personality.
borderline personalityAn older term for a personality profile between neurosis (i.e., capable of coping with the environment) and psychosis (i.e., disconnect with reality and not clearly schizophrenic). The term that has fallen into disuse; BPs may be defined in terms of adaptability—i.e., one who is not clearly beyond the reach of classical analytical techniques, but who responds poorly thereto. The term borderline personality disorder is formally defined in the DSM-IV.
personality(per?son-al'it-e) [L. personalitas]
The unique organization of traits, characteristics, and modes of behavior of an individual, setting that individual apart from others and at the same time determining how others react to the individual. Synonym: persona (2) See: personality test
alternating personalityDissociative identity disorder.
In Freudian psychology, a personality disorder marked by excessive orderliness, stinginess, and obstinacy. If carried to an extreme, these qualities lead to the development of obsessive-compulsive behavior.Synonym: anal characteristic
borderline personalitySee: borderline personality disorder
callous-unemotional personalityAbbreviation: CU
A group of personality traits including lack of empathy, manipulativeness, and remorselessness. These traits are considered to be indicators of conduct disorder in childhood and adolescence and are uniquely characteristic of antisocial personality disorder in adults.
compulsive personalityObsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
distressed personalityType D personality.
double personalityDissociative identity disorder.
extroverted personalitySee: extrovert
A personality type in which the individual is ineffective and is physically and emotionally unable to cope with the normal stress of living.
introverted personalitySee: introvert (1)
The individual traits or characteristics typical of the society in which a person lives.
A term formerly used for dissociative identity disorder. See: dissociative identity disorder
obsessive-compulsive personalityObsessive-compulsive disorder.
paranoid personalityParanoid personality disorder.
psychopathic personalityAntisocial personality disorder.
type A personalitySee: behavior
type B personalitySee: behavior
type D personality
A personality type in which the individual is inhibited and uncomfortable in social situations, has difficulty making friends, and who tends to experience, but repress, feelings of anger, anxiety, depression, and discontent with others. Some studies have found correlations between this personality type and an increased risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease.Synonym: distressed personality