bone sclerosis


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Related to bone sclerosis: Bone scan

eb·ur·na·tion

(ē'bŭr-nā'shŭn),
A change in exposed subchondral bone in degenerative joint disease in which it is converted into a dense substance with a smooth surface like ivory.
Synonym(s): bone sclerosis
[L. eburneus, of ivory]

bone sclerosis

An increase in bone density, such that the bone is more radiopaque than normal on a plain film.

VINDICATE mnemonic for differential diagnosis of bone sclerosis
Vascular
• Haemangiomas;
• Infarct.
Infection
• Chronic osteomyelitis.
Neoplasm
• Primary
  — Osteoma;
  — Osteosarcoma;
• Metastatic
  — Prostate;
  — Breast;
  — Other.
Drugs
  — Vitamin D;
  — Fluoride.
Inflammatory/Idiopathic.
Congenital
  — Bone islands;
  — Osteopoikilosis;
  — Osteopetrosis;
  — Pyknodysostosis.
Autoimmune.
Trauma
  — Fracture (stress).
Endocrine/Metabolic
  — Hyperparathyroidism;
  — Paget's disease.

bone sclerosis

Eburnation Imaging An ↑ bone density, such that the bone is 'whiter' than normal
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the grading system of knee osteoarthritis using standing radiographs, (2) which was modified from Ahlbach, the radiographic findings of osteoarthritis of the knee were classified into 6 grades: Grade 0, normal joint; Grade 1, bone sclerosis or osteophyte formation; Grade 2, narrowing of the joint space of less than 3 mm; Grade 3, obliteration of joint space or subluxation; Grade 4, defect of the tibial plateau of less than 5 mm; and Grade 5, defect of tibial plateau of more than 5 mm.
It is increased in patients with diseases associated with bone sclerosis [26] a finding which corresponds well with the patient presented as case 14 in the present study.
DISCUSSION: Osteoid Osteoma is benign bone lesion consisting of well demarcated osteoblastic mass called nidus of less than two centimeter size surrounded by a distinct zone of reactive bone sclerosis [2].
Punctate bone sclerosis may be seen owing to intra-osseous deposition of the tophi; (2) with para-articular deposition of tophi, there is asymmetric soft-tissue swelling.