bone marrow transplant

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bone marrow transplant

A technique in which bone marrow is transplanted from one individual to another, or removed from and transplanted to the same individual, in order to stimulate production of blood cells. It is used to treat malignancies, certain forms of anemia, and immunologic deficiencies.

bone marrow transplant

A means of providing a recipient with a new set of blood-forming cells from which a continuing supply of healthy new red and white blood cells can be derived. Marrow is sucked out of the marrow cavity of the pelvis or breastbone of the donor and injected into one of the recipient's veins.

Bone marrow transplant

Healthy marrow is infused into people who have had high-dose chemotherapy for one of the many forms of leukemias, immunodeficiencies, lymphomas, anemias, metabolic disorders, and sometimes solid tumors.

bone marrow transplant,

n transfer of bone marrow tissue from a healthy donor to a recipient to restore the recipient's ability to produce normal blood cells. Usually used to treat hematopoietic or lymphoreticular diseases.

Patient discussion about bone marrow transplant

Q. What is a bone marrow transplant? I wanted to enter myself as a potential bone marrow donor and wanted to know first of all what bone marrow is? What does a bone marrow transplant mean and how is it done?

A. Bone marrow is a soft, fatty tissue inside the bones. This is where blood cells are produced, and where they develop. Transplanted bone marrow will restore production of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. Donated bone marrow must match the patient's tissue type. It can be taken from the patient, a living relative (usually a brother or a sister), or from an unrelated donor. Donors are matched through special blood tests called HLA tissue typing. Bone marrow is taken from the donor in the operating room while the donor is unconscious and pain-free (under general anesthesia). Some of the donor's bone marrow is removed from the top of the hip bone. The bone marrow is filtered, treated, and transplanted immediately or frozen and stored for later use. Transplant marrow is transfused into the patient through a vein (IV) and is naturally carried into the bone cavities where it grows to replace the old bone marrow.

More discussions about bone marrow transplant
References in periodicals archive ?
We treated him twice but the results were not encouraging, so we thought of going in for a half- matched bone marrow transplant," Dr Bhurani said.
By 18 months, the most common symptoms were those of intrusion, such as recurrent, intrusive recollections of the event, distressing dreams, feeling the event was recurring, and distress at exposure to cues associated with bone marrow transplant.
Eventually sense prevailed and not only were transplants allowed, Dr Whittaker's stance embarrassed the Welsh Office which eventually agreed to pay for a unit for bone marrow transplants to be built.
An outbreak of respiratory syncytial virus in a bone marrow transplant center.
Bone marrow transplant for breast cancer has diffused rapidly, patients are treated under a variety of protocols (if under any established protocol at all), patient selection criteria have broadened to include patients earlier in the course of their disease, results are not collected in a coordinated fashion, and the National Cancer Institute is having difficulty recruiting patients into its studies.
About types of transplant, the Thalassaemia Centre head said that there were three types of transplant; bone marrow transplant, stem cell transplant and autologous transplant.
The 11-year-old Simi Valley boy has taken every blow life's thrown at him, including two failed bone marrow transplants, and countless blood transfusions, chemotherapy and radiation treatments.
When there's loss of blood, a massive infection, or a bone marrow transplant, that's where these stem cells spring into action," he says.
Applied Imaging Corporation, San Jose, CA, announced it has received 510(k) clearance from the FDA to market its automated application for Chromosome X and Chromosome Y analysis in bone marrow transplant patients.
12 /PRNewswire/ -- For the first time in the tri-state region, doctors at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh have successfully performed a bone marrow transplant on a young child suffering from sickle cell disease, using an approach that may lead to the cure of more people with the disease.
Although harmless in healthy people, CMV can spread uncontrollably in bone marrow transplant patients, causing significant infection in 10 per cent to 20 per cent of cases and sometimes proving fatal.
The International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry estimated that approximately 45,000 people received blood and bone marrow transplants, which are types of SCT, in 2002.

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