body

(redirected from bodied)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

body

 [bod´e]
trunk (def. 1).
1. the largest and most important part of any organ.
2. any mass or collection of material.
acetone b's ketone bodies.
alkapton b's a class of substances with an affinity for alkali, found in the urine and causing the condition known as alkaptonuria. The compound commonly found, and most commonly referred to by the term, is homogentisic acid.
amygdaloid body a small mass of subcortical gray matter within the tip of the temporal lobe, anterior to the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain. It is part of the limbic system.
aortic b's small neurovascular structures on either side of the aorta in the region of the aortic arch, containing chemoreceptors that play a role in reflex regulation of respiration.
asbestos b's golden yellow bodies of various shapes, formed by the deposition of calcium salts, iron salts, and proteins on a spicule of asbestos, found in the lungs, lung secretions, and feces of patients with asbestosis.
Aschoff b's submiliary collections of cells and leukocytes in the interstitial tissues of the heart in the myocarditis that accompanies rheumatic fever; called also Aschoff's nodules.
asteroid body an irregularly star-shaped inclusion body found in the giant cells in sarcoidosis and other diseases.
Babès-Ernst body metachromatic granule.
Barr body sex chromatin.
basal body a modified centriole that occurs at the base of a flagellum or cilium.
carotid b's small neurovascular structures lying in the bifurcation of the right and left carotid arteries, containing chemoreceptors that monitor the oxygen content of the blood and help to regulate respiration.
ciliary body see ciliary body.
Donovan b's encapsulated bacteria (Calymmatobacterium granulomatis) found in lesions of granuloma inguinale, visible when a Wright-stained smear of infected tissue is viewed under a microscope.
body dysmorphic disorder a somatoform disorder in which a normal-appearing person is either preoccupied with an imagined defect in appearance or is overly concerned about a very slight physical anomaly. See also body image. Called also dysmorphophobia.
fimbriate body corpus fimbriatum.
foreign body a mass of material that is not normal to the place where it is found.
fruiting body a specialized structure of certain fungi that produces the spores.
geniculate body, lateral either of the two metathalamus eminences, one on each side just lateral to the medial geniculate bodies, marking the termination of the optic tract.
geniculate body, medial either of the two metathalamus eminences, one on each side just lateral to the superior colliculi, concerned with hearing.
hematoxylin body a dense, homogeneous particle, easily stainable with hematoxylin, consisting of nuclear material derived from an injured cell together with a small amount of cytoplasm. Hematoxylin bodies occur in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lymphocytes that ingest such particles are known as le cells. Called also LE body.
Howell's b's (Howell-Jolly b's) smooth, round remnants of nuclear chromatin seen in erythrocytes in megaloblastic and hemolytic anemia, in various leukemias and after splenectomy.
body image the total concept, including conscious and unconscious feelings, thoughts, and perceptions, that a person has of his or her own body as an object in space independent and apart from other objects. The body image develops during infancy and childhood from exploration of the body surface and orifices, from development of physical abilities, and from play and comparison of the self with others. Changes in body image are particularly important in adolescence when attention is focused on appearance and attractiveness and relations with others. Body image is strongly influenced by parental attitudes that give the child a perception of certain body parts as good, clean, and attractive, or bad, dirty, and repulsive. The evolution of body image continues throughout life and incorporates such factors as a person's style of dress, hair style, and use of makeup, which symbolize social and professional status and other feelings about the self.

Many clinical syndromes involve disturbances of body image. Disturbed body image is a nursing diagnosis that was approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as confusion in the mental picture of one's physical self. Surgery or trauma involving disfigurement or loss of a body part can be very threatening to a patient. Diseases involving a loss of body function, such as stroke syndrome, paraplegia, quadriplegia, coronary heart disease, and bowel or bladder incontinence, and diseases involving disfiguring skin lesions or the feeling of “rotting away” as in cancer or gangrene, can all cause changes in body image. Body image is frequently disturbed in schizophrenia, and patients may feel that their body or its parts are changing in size or shape or are ugly or threatening. Rape or violent physical assault can disturb the feeling of being secure in one's own body. Changes in body image involving sexual attractiveness or sexual identity, such as surgery or trauma involving the genitals or breasts and tubal ligation, hysterectomy, or vasectomy, can be especially difficult for the patient to deal with. Intrusive therapeutic or diagnostic procedures, such as insertion of a nasogastric tube, bladder catheterization, administration of intravenous fluids, endoscopy, and cardiac catheterization, can also threaten a patient's body image.

The reaction of a patient to an alteration in body image can include mourning the loss of the former body image, fear of rejection by significant others, hostility, and experiencing of “phantom” sensations from missing body parts. Patients with less ability to cope with their loss may respond with denial or depression. This can lead to a rejection of the altered body image and feelings of depersonalization that can involve avoidance of interpersonal contact and an unwillingness to discuss the deformity or to accept corrective medical treatment or vocational rehabilitation.
inclusion b's round, oval, or irregular-shaped bodies in the cytoplasm and nuclei of cells, as in disease caused by viral infection, such as rabies, smallpox, and herpes.
ketone b's see ketone bodies.
lamellar body keratinosome.
Lafora's b's intracytoplasmic inclusions consisting of a complex of glycoprotein and acid mucopolysaccharide; widespread deposits are found in Lafora's disease, a type of epilepsy.
Leishman-Donovan b's round or oval bodies found in the reticuloendothelial cells, especially those of the spleen and liver, in kala-azar; they are nonflagellate intracellular forms of Leishmania donovani. Also used to designate similar forms of Leishmania tropica found in macrophages in lesions of cutaneous leishmaniasis.
mamillary body (mammillary body) either of the pair of small spherical masses in the interpeduncular fossa of the midbrain, forming part of the hypothalamus.
Masson b's cellular tissue that fills the pulmonary alveoli and alveolar ducts in rheumatic pneumonia; they may be modified Aschoff's bodies.
molluscum b's large homogeneous intracytoplasmic inclusions found in the stratum granulosum and stratum corneum in molluscum contagiosum, which contain replicating virus particles and cellular debris.
multilamellar body any of the osmiophilic, lipid-rich, layered bodies found in the great alveolar cells of the lung.
Negri b's oval or round bodies in the nerve cells of animals dead of rabies.
Nissl b's large granular bodies that stain with basic dyes, forming the reticular substance of the cytoplasm of neurons, composed of rough endoplasmic reticulum and free polyribosomes; ribonucleoprotein is one of their main constituents. Called also Nissl's granules.
olivary body olive (def. 2).
paraaortic b's see para-aortic bodies.
pineal body see pineal body.
pituitary body pituitary gland.
polar b's
1. the small cells consisting of a tiny bit of cytoplasm and a nucleus; they result from unequal division of the primary oocyte (first polar body) and, if fertilization occurs, of the secondary oocyte (second polar body).
2. metachromatic granules located at one or both ends of a bacterial cell.
psammoma b's usually microscopic, laminated masses of calcareous material, occurring in both benign and malignant epithelial and connective-tissue tumors, and sometimes associated with chronic inflammation.
quadrigeminal b's corpora quadrigemina.
body of sternum the second or main part of the sternum, bounded by the manubrium above and the xiphoid process below. Called also gladiolus and corpus sterni.
striate body corpus striatum.
trachoma b's inclusion bodies found in clusters in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells of the conjunctiva in trachoma.
vitreous body the transparent gel filling the inner portion of the eyeball between the lens and retina. Called also vitreous and vitreous humor.
wolffian body mesonephros.

bod·y

(bod'ē),
1. The head, neck, trunk, and limbs. The human body, consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra).
See also: soma. Synonym(s): corpus (1) [TA]
2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the mind and spirit.
See also: soma.
3. The principal mass of any structure.
See also: soma.
4. A thing; a substance.
See also: soma.
[A.S. bodig]

body

(bod´e)
1. the largest and most important part of any organ.
2. any mass or collection of material.
3. trunk (1).

acetone bodies  ketone bodies.
amygdaloid body  corpus amygdaloideum.
anococcygeal body  see under ligament.
aortic bodies  small neurovascular structures on either side of the aorta in the region of the aortic arch, containing chemoreceptors that play a role in reflex regulation of respiration.
bodies of Arantius  small tubercles, one at the center of the free margin of each of the three cusps of the aortic and pulmonary valves.
asbestos bodies  ferruginous bodies whose center is asbestos.
Aschoff bodies  submiliary collections of cells and leukocytes in the interstitial tissues of the heart in rheumatic myocarditis.
asteroid body  an irregularly star-shaped inclusion body found in the giant cells in sarcoidosis and other diseases.
Auer bodies  finely granular, lamellar bodies having acid-phosphatase activity, found in the cytoplasm of myeloblasts, myelocytes, monoblasts, and granular histiocytes, rarely in plasma cells, and virtually pathognomonic of leukemia.
Barr body  sex chromatin.
basal body  a modified centriole that occurs at the base of a flagellum or cilium.
Cabot's ring bodies  lines in the form of loops or figures-of-8, seen in stained erythrocytes in severe anemias.
carotid body  a small neurovascular structure lying in the bifurcation of the right and left carotid arteries, containing chemoreceptors that monitor oxygen content in blood and help to regulate respiration.
Enlarge picture
Carotid body, located deep to the carotid bifurcation and innervated by a plexus of glossopharyngeal, vagal, and sympathetic components.
cavernous body of penis  corpus cavernosum penis.
ciliary body  the thickened part of the vascular tunic of the eye, connecting the choroid and iris.
Cowdry type I inclusion bodies  eosinophilic nuclear inclusions of nucleic acid and protein seen in cells infected with herpes simplex or varicella-zoster virus.
Döhle's inclusion bodies  small bodies seen in the cytoplasm of neutrophils in many infectious diseases, burns, aplastic anemia, and other disorders, and after the administration of toxic agents.
Donovan's body  an encapsulated bacterium, Calymmatobacterium granulomatis, found in lesions of granuloma inguinale.
embryoid bodies  structures resembling embryos, seen in several types of germ cell tumors.
ferruginous bodies  small masses of mineral matter in the lungs resulting from deposition of calcium salts, iron salts, and protein around a central core of foreign matter.
fruiting body  a specialized structure, as an apothecium, which produces spores.
geniculate body, lateral  an eminence of the metathalamus, just lateral to the medial geniculate body, marking the end of the optic tract.
geniculate body, medial  an eminence of the metathalamus, just lateral to the superior colliculi, concerned with hearing.
Golgi body  see under complex.
Hassall's body  one of the formed elements of the blood; a leukocyte, erythrocyte, or platelet.
Heinz bodies , Heinz-Ehrlich bodies inclusion bodies resulting from oxidative injury to and precipitation of hemoglobin; seen in the presence of certain abnormal hemoglobins and erythrocytes with enzyme deficiencies.
hematoxylin body  a dense, homogeneous particle consisting of the denatured nuclear material of an injured cell, occurring in systemic lupus erythematosus; lymphocytes that ingest such particles are known as LE cells. Called also LE b.
hyaloid body  vitreous b.
immune body  antibody.
inclusion bodies  round, oval, or irregular-shaped bodies in the cytoplasm and nuclei of cells, as in disease due to viral infection, such as rabies, smallpox, etc.
ketone bodies  the substances acetone, acetoacetic acid, and β-hydroxybutyric acid; except for acetone (which may arise spontaneously from acetoacetic acid), they are normal metabolic products of lipid within the liver, and are oxidized by muscles; excessive production leads to urinary secretion of these bodies, as in diabetes mellitus.
lamellar body  keratinosome.
LE body  hematoxylin b.
Leishman-Donovan body  amastigote.
mammillary body  either of the pair of small spherical masses in the interpeduncular fossa of the midbrain, forming part of the hypothalamus.
Masson bodies  cellular tissue that fills the pulmonary alveoli and alveolar ducts in rheumatic pneumonia; they may be modified Aschoff bodies.
metachromatic bodies  see under granule.
Negri bodies  round or oval inclusion bodies seen in the cytoplasm and sometimes in the processes of neurons of rabid animals after death.
Nissl bodies  large granular basophilic bodies found in the cytoplasm of neurons, composed of rough endoplasmic reticulum and free polyribosomes.
olivary body  olive (2).
pacchionian bodies  arachnoidal granulations.
para-aortic bodies  enclaves of chromaffin cells near the sympathetic ganglia along the abdominal aorta, serving as chemoreceptors responsive to oxygen, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen ion concentration and which help control respiration.
pineal body  a small conical structure attached by a stalk to the posterior wall of the third ventricle; it secretes melatonin. Called also epiphysis cerebri and pineal gland.
pituitary body  hypophysis.
polar bodies 
1. small nonfunctional cells consisting of a tiny bit of cytoplasm and a nucleus, resulting from unequal division of the primary oocyte (first polar b.) and, if fertilization occurs, of the secondary oocyte (second polar b.) .
2. metachromatic granules located at the ends of bacteria.
psammoma body  a spherical, concentrically laminated mass of calcareous material, usually of microscopic size; such bodies occur in both benign and malignant epithelial and connective-tissue tumors, and are sometimes associated with chronic inflammation.
quadrigeminal bodies  corpora quadrigemina.
Russell bodies  globular plasma cell inclusions, representing aggregates of immunoglobulins synthesized by the cell.
sand bodies  the mass of gritty matter lying in or near the pineal body, the choroid plexus, and other parts of the brain.
body of sternum  the principal portion of the sternum, located between the manubrium above and the xiphoid process below.
trachoma bodies  inclusion bodies found in clusters in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells of the conjunctiva in trachoma.
tympanic body  an ovoid body in the upper part of the superior bulb of the internal jugular vein, believed similar to the carotid body in structure and function.
vermiform bodies  peculiar sinuous invaginations of the plasma membrane of Kupffer cells of the liver.
vitreous body  the transparent gel filling the inner portion of the eyeball between the lens and retina.
Weibel-Palade bodies  rod-shaped intracytoplasmic bundles of microtubules specific for vascular endothelial cells and used as markers for endothelial cell neoplasms.

body

(bŏd′ē)
n.
1. The entire material or physical structure of an organism.
2. The physical part of a person, as opposed to the spiritual part.
3. A corpse.
4. The trunk or torso, as distinguished from the head, neck, and extremities.
5. The largest or principal part of an organ; corpus.

body

(bŏd′ē)
n. pl. bod·ies
1.
a. The entire material or physical structure of an organism, especially of a human or animal.
b. The physical aspect of a person as opposed to the spirit; the flesh.
c. A corpse or carcass.
2.
a. The trunk or torso of a human or animal.
b. The part of a garment covering the torso.
3.
a. A human; a person: a kindly body.
b. A group of individuals regarded as an entity; a corporation.
4. A number of persons, concepts, or things regarded as a group: We walked out in a body.
5. The main or central part, as:
a. Anatomy The largest or principal part of an organ; corpus.
b. The nave of a church.
c. The content of a book or document exclusive of prefatory matter, codicils, indexes, or appendices.
d. The passenger- and cargo-carrying part of an aircraft, ship, or other vehicle.
e. Music The sound box of an instrument.
6. A mass of matter that is distinct from other masses: a body of water; a celestial body.
7. A collection or quantity, as of material or information: the body of evidence.
8. Consistency of substance, as in paint, textiles, or wine: a sauce with body.
9. Printing The part of a block of type underlying the impression surface.
tr.v. bod·ied, bod·ying, bod·ies
1. To furnish with a body.
2. To give shape to. Usually used with forth: "Imagination bodies forth the forms of things unknown" (Shakespeare).
3. Sports
a. To play defense with one's body up against (that of another player) so as to restrict the player's mobility, as in basketball.
b. To collide with and force (another player) in a certain direction: bodied him off the puck.

body

Etymology: AS, bodig
1 the whole structure of an individual with all the organs.
2 a cadaver (corpse).
3 the largest or the main part of any structure, such as the body of the stomach. Also called corpus, soma.

secondary sex characteristic

Endocrinology The constellation of changes in hair distribution, body configuration, and genital size in boys or girls at the time of puberty
Secondary Sex characteristic–
External genitalia Penis ↑ in length/diameter; scrotum becomes pigmented and rugose
Internal genitalia Prostate, bulbourethral glands, and seminal vesicle enlarge, begin to secrete
Body Shoulders broaden, muscle mass ↑
Hair Hair, hair, everywhere; beard, back, chest, anus
Mental More aggressive, sexual interest awakens
Skin Sebaceous glands ↑, 'Zit Follies' begin
Voice Larynx, vocal cords ↑ in size and/or length; voice deepens
Secondary Sex characteristic–
External genitalia ↑ Size breast, vagina
Internal genitalia ↑ Size uterus
Body Shoulders are narrow, hips broad, thighs converge and arms diverge–broad carrying angle
Hair More scalp hair, less body hair, ♀ escutcheon
Voice Nada; voice unchanged

bod·y

(bod'ē)
1. The head, neck, trunk, and limbs; the human body, consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra).
2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the mind and spirit.
3. The principal mass of any structure.
4. A thing; a substance.
See also: soma
Synonym(s): corpus (1) .
[A.S. bodig]

body 

1. Any discrete mass. 2. The main and largest part of a structure. 3. A substance of any kind.
black body Thermal radiator which absorbs completely all incident radiation, whatever the wavelength, the direction of incidence or the polarization. This radiator has, for any wavelength, the maximum spectral concentration of radiant flux at a given temperature (CIE). Syn. full radiator; planckian radiator. See absorption; colour temperature; Planck's law.
colloid body's See drusen.
cytoid body's Small, swollen white spots found on the retina resembling cells. They are due to degenerated retinal nerve fibres in which cellular components become trapped in the peripheral axons of the optic nerve blocking axonal flow. Collection of cytoid bodies are thought to represent the 'cotton-wool' spots found on or around the optic disc in papilloedema, retinal trauma, diabetic retinopathy, AIDS, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc. See exudate.
lateral geniculate body's See lateral geniculate bodies.
vitreous body See vitreous humour.
white body A sample exhibiting diffuse reflection and having a reflectance of approximately 100%. Examples: coating of magnesium oxide; sandblasted opal glass surface; plaster of Paris. See coating; diffusion.

bod·y

(bod'ē)
1. The human body, consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra).
Synonym(s): corpus (1) [TA] .
2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the mind and spirit.
See also: soma
[A.S. bodig]

body,

n any mass or collection of material.
body burden,
n the activity of a radiopharmaceutical retained by the body at a specified time after administration.
body dysmorphic disorder (BMD),
body fluid,
n a liquid portion of the body such as plasma, lymph, tears, saliva, and urine.
body, foreign,
n an object or material that is not normal for the area in which it is located.
body height,
n the overall length of the body from the crown to the bottom of the feet, usually taken in the standing position. Body length refers to the overall length taken in the supine position.
body image,
n a person's subjective concept of personal physical appearance. The loss of a limb, breast, or tooth may cause psychologic trauma because of unresolved conflict in the change of body image. A distorted body image may be a causal factor in anorexia nervosa and bulimia. See also disorder, body dysmorphic (BDD).
body, ketone,
n any of the compounds acetoacetic acid, betahydroxybutyric acid, and acetone that are formed in the liver and released in the blood. Elevated levels occur during excessive fat use such as in diabetes or starvation. See also ketoacidosis.
body mass index (BMI) calculation,
n a method for assessing obesity and determining optimal weight, which involves dividing body weight in kilograms by height in square meters.
body mechanics,
n the field of physiology that investigates actions and functions of the muscular system relating to body posture maintenance.
body, Schaumann's
n.pr a round to oval cytoplasmic inclusion composed of concentric deposits of an amorphous material. Present in the giant cells of sarcoidosis, in beryllium lesions, and sometimes in other giant cells.
body shields,
n.pl protective coverings patients are sometimes legally required to wear during radiographic examinations; usually a leaded apron containing lead 0.25 mm thick. The protective surface covers the torso and gonads.
body temperature,
n the level of heat produced and sustained by body processes. Variations and changes in body temperature are major indicators of disease and other abnormalities.

body

1. the trunk, or animal frame, with its organs.
2. the largest and most important part of any organ.
3. any mass or collection of material.

acetone b's
see ketone bodies.
body cavity
see cavity.
ellipsoid body
formed in degenerating myelin sheaths. Each contains a fragment of myelin apparently undergoing enzymatic digestion around a fragment of degenerating axon.
fimbriate body
see corpus fimbriatum.
body fluids
see body fluids.
gelatinous body
a 3-5 mm glycogen-rich body in the dorsal surface of the lumbosacral enlargement of the spinal cord in birds.
geniculate b's (lateral)
two metathalamus eminences, one on each side just lateral to the medial geniculate bodies, marking the termination of the optic tract.
geniculate b's (medial)
two metathalamus eminences, one on each side, just lateral to the superior colliculi, concerned with hearing.
Heinz body, Heinz-Ehrlich body
a dark staining refractile body of erythrocytes, consisting of denatured hemoglobin. See also Heinz body anemia.
Howell's b's
body louse
mamillary body
either of the pair of small spherical masses in the interpeduncular fossa of the midbrain, forming part of the hypothalamus.
body mass
see body weight.
multilamellar body
any of the osmiophilic, lipid-rich, layered bodies found in the type II alveolar cells of the lung.
Negri b's
eosinophilic, oval or round inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of neurones of animals dead of rabies.
olivary body
see olive (2).
Pappenheimer body
dark, basophilic, iron-containing granules seen in erythrocytes (siderocytes). Occur in hemolytic anemia.
para-aortic b's
enclaves of chromaffin cells near the sympathetic ganglia along the abdominal aorta, which secrete catecholamines during prenatal and early postnatal life, aiding the adrenal medulla. Tumors of these structures produce clinical signs similar to those of pheochromocytoma.
paracloacal vascular body
a small patch of vascular tissue in the wall of the urodeum in birds.
phallic body
pair of bodies flanking the phallus of the male bird; participate in the insemination of the hen.
pituitary body
pituitary gland.
quadrigeminal b's
see corpora quadrigemina.
striate body
see corpus striatum.
body surface area (BSA)
the total surface area of the body. Used to calculate drug dosages, particularly in the use of toxic drugs such as those used in cancer chemotherapy. This minimizes errors introduced by variations in distribution, metabolism and excretion of the drug. Several equations can be used to express the area, based on body weight, but conversion tables are usually used. See Table 21.
trapezoid body
transverse ridge crossing the ventral surface of the medulla oblongata.
vitreous body
the transparent gel filling the posterior segment of the eyeball between the lens and retina. Called also vitreous and vitreous humor.
body weight
see body weight.
wolffian body

Patient discussion about body

Q. How long does alcohol stay in the body? Usually we see that people are out of their control for many hours after consuming alcohol. How long does alcohol stay in the body?

A. This is the first time I am coming across this question, thanks for you which made me to research about it. Here I have given what I have read: A number of factors determine how long alcohol will stay in a person’s system including age, sex, weight, body fat, and physical condition. No matter how much alcohol is consumed or what blood alcohol concentration level has been achieved, the liver, which breaks down approximately 95% of all alcohol consumed, requires about one hour metabolizing the alcohol in one standard drink. The remaining 5% passes out via the urine, the breath, and perspiration. One standard drink is defined as a 12 oz. beer, a 4 oz. glass of wine, or a shot (1.5 oz.) of liquor. A person can still be affected by alcohol after it’s “out of the system.” In one study, participants were asked to drink between 10 pm and 2 am and were then tested performing various tasks at 9 am the next morning.

Q. How to Stop Vitiligo from spreading all over the body? Can any one please tell how to stop Vitiligo from spreading all over the body

A. Normally treatment of vitiligo may take a long time. So patient should be relax and hopeful to treat this skin condition.
While start any treatment one thing is very important that not be depressed and anxious because this is the factor which can increase in vitiligo.
Take care when go out in afternoon.
Maintain a well balance diet plan which you can easily find by any dermatologist.
There are many treatment options are available for vitiligo as listed at http://www.antivitiligo.com/vitiligo-treatment/


Q. Will dancing help to loose my body weight? Hi guys, I am planning to reduce my body weight. Will dancing help to loose my body weight?

A. no doubt!
dancing is a great aerobic exercise. it works on so many groups of muscles and on the cardiopulmonary system. and it has another great virtue- it is a sport you enjoy and it's easy to get in a routine of exercises when you go dancing in a group.

More discussions about body