bloody sputum


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

bloody sputum

Etymology: AS, blod + L, sputum, spittle
blood-tinged material expelled from the respiratory passages. The amount and color of blood in sputum expelled by coughing or clearing the throat may indicate the cause and location of the bleeding. Swallowed blood regurgitated from the stomach most often loses its vital coloring, however, thus eliminating the opportunity to judge the origin.

sputum

(spu'tum) plural.sputa [L.]
Mucus expelled from the lung by coughing. It may contain a variety of materials from the respiratory tract, including in some instances cellular debris, mucus, blood, pus, caseous material, and/or microorganisms.

Conditions

A wide variety of illnesses, including typical and atypical pneumonias, tuberculosis, cancers of the lungs or bronchi, reactive airway disease, and occupational diseases of the lungs can be diagnosed with gram staining or culturing of sputum, cytological examination of sputum, or the use of special stains and microscopic techniques.

CAUTION!

Sputum color or thickness cannot be relied on to diagnose any particular illness.

bloody sputum

Hemoptysis.

currant jelly sputum

Thick sputum mixed with clotted blood, typically seen in patients with pneumonia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae.

nummular sputum

Sputum laden with round, coin-shaped solids.

prune juice sputum

Thin, reddish, bloody sputum.

rusty sputum

Blood-tinged purulent sputum sometimes seen in patients with pneumococcal pneumonia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients described in this report had severe, rapidly progressive, respiratory disease with bloody sputum.
We defined a probable pneumonic plague case as respiratory illness of acute onset with cough producing grossly bloody sputum during December 2004 in Kango Subcounty, Nebbi District, Uganda.
Overall, compared with index patients, caregivers' illnesses progressed more rapidly, including quicker bloody sputum onset (mean 1 vs.
Coughing, first noted on day 5, became productive a day later and bloody sputum was noted on day 7.
His cough became productive with bloody sputum on day 5 of illness, and he died on day 6.
On her arrival at Nyapea Hospital, a grossly bloody sputum sample was obtained (Figure 1A).
touched) after onset of cough productive of bloody sputum and before death, but only the 2 primary caregivers became ill (attack rate 2/25, 8%).
The night before index patient B 1 's death, he slept in the same bed as his 6-yearold daughter until the early morning, when his wife noted he was very ill and coughing bloody sputum.
Past clinical history showed an evaluation of productive cough in 1996, with bloody sputum, night sweats, and intermittent fever; she underwent bronchoscopy with pathologic examination, which showed vascular congestion and focal intra-alveolar edema, but no specific pathogen was identified.