bloody pericardial effusion

bloody pericardial effusion

The presence of haemorrhagic protein-rich fluid in the pericardium which, if sufficient and it accumulates rapidly enough, may cause cardiac tamponade.

Bloody pericardial effusion, aetiology
Malignancy
• Primary—mesothelioma.
• Metastatic—Lung, breast, lymphoma, leukaemia; less often thyroid, endometrial.
Cardiac
• Acute MI;
• Post-heart surgery;
• Aortic dissection.
Trauma
Autoimmune
Infectious (e.g., Coxsackie B6)
Post-irradiation
Thrombocytopaenia
References in periodicals archive ?
The bloody pericardial effusion was drained out for symptom relief.
While the patient described in the accompanying case report developed bloody pericardial effusion during the course of sepsis, this occurred after the infusion of anticoagulants and should not be considered as proof of invasive pericardial infection.
During the procedure, the cardiac surgeon opened the chest with a mini-sternotomy to expose the heart and tapped a bloody pericardial effusion that quickly reaccumulated.