blood-borne infection


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blood-borne in·fec·tion

(blŭd'bōrn in-fek'shŭn)
Infection transmitted through blood or blood products (e.g., hepatitis virus, HIV-1).

blood-borne infection

An infection transmitted through contact with the blood (cells, serum, or plasma) of an infected individual. The contact may occur sexually, through injection, or via a medical or dental procedure in which a blood-contaminated instrument is inadvertently used after inadequate sterilization. Examples of blood-borne infections include hepatitis B and C and AIDS.
needle-stick injury;
See also: infection
References in periodicals archive ?
Kyrgyzstan faces quite tense epidemic situation on so-called blood-borne infections (viral hepatitis, HIV, AIDS) that requires sharp intensification of infection control services in health facilities.
Illegal tattooing can result in scarring and increases the risk of blood-borne infections.
CONTROVERSY GAA rules say players who are bleeding must leave the pitch for treatment - a rule designed to prevent blood-borne infections from being passed to other players.
By then, the patient may be experiencing organ damage, or may be dead from sepsis- is a toxic response to blood-borne infections.
Each unit of donated blood is tested rigorously for infectious diseases including HIV, hepatitis, and other blood-borne infections
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) adequate supply of safe blood can only be assured through regular donation by voluntary unpaid blood donors, because the prevalence of blood-borne infections is lowest among these donors.
They are exposed to blood-borne infections by pathogens, such as HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV), from sharps injuries and contact with bodily fluids (Ramos-Gomez et al 1997; Gerbending 1994; Ruben et al 1983).
Around 900 patients have been alerted to the potential risk of blood-borne infections but have been advised that the risk of infection is low.
Recommendations to reduce the risk of hepatitis infection include proper training for nail salon and barbershop workers, education about how hepatitis and other blood-borne infections are transmitted, and an emphasis on the principles of good hygiene and disinfection.
Death scene clean-ups have become more complicated due to health risks posed by blood-borne infections such as hepatitis B and HIV.
Pneumonia and blood-borne infections caught in hospital killed 48,000 patients and cost over $8 billion in 2006, according to a report released last week.
Cal-OSHA officials said employers must establish an effective control plan to limit exposure to blood-borne infections such as HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.