blood typing


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typing

 [tīp´ing]
in transplantation immunology, a method of measuring the degree of organ, solid tissue, or blood compatibility between two individuals, in which specific histocompatibility antigens (such as those on leukocytes or erythrocytes) are detected by means of suitable isoimmune antisera.
blood typing (typing of blood) determining the character of the blood on the basis of agglutinogens in the erythrocytes; see also blood group.
phage typing characterization of bacteria, extending to strain differences, by demonstration of susceptibility to one or more races (a spectrum) of bacteriophage; widely applied to staphylococci, typhoid bacilli, and other organisms for epidemiological purposes.
tissue typing identification of the human leukocyte antigens of the donor and recipient of a transplant or transfusion; see also tissue typing.

blood typing

blood typing

a blood test used to determine the character of the blood of prospective blood donors and of expectant mothers and newborns on the basis of agglutinogens in the erythrocytes. The test detects the presence of ABO antigens as well as the Rh factor. See also blood group.

blood typ·ing

(blŭd tīping)
Process of testing a sample of blood to determine antigen and antibody factors to determine whether the patient has Type A, Type B, Type AB, or Type O blood.

typing

in transplantation and transfusion immunology, a method of measuring the degree of organ, solid tissue, or blood compatibility between two individuals, in which specific histocompatibility antigens (e.g. those present on leukocytes) or other cell surface antigens, e.g. red blood cell antigens, are detected by means of suitable immune serum.

blood typing
determining the antigenic determinants present on the surface of red blood cells by using specific antibodies (typing serums). See also blood group.
phage typing
see phage typing.
tissue typing
see tissue typing.

Patient discussion about blood typing

Q. HIV - does it infect specific Blood Types? A friend of mine joined the army and they took him to an experiment and infected him with HIV. But he was not infected- he said because he has a certain blood type. Is this true?

A. HIV, as all other viruses need specific cells,s surface proteins which called receptors,in case of HIV these receptors are found in certain WBCs that known as T-helper cells which named as T4 cells. All humans have these T4 cells but some people lack the receptor that necessary for virus attachment and pentration of the cell which leeds to the inablity of the virus to cause infection and become a target for the immune system. But they c can infect other suseptable people.

Q. Is it true that people with different blood type should have different diets?

A. I myself believe that that theory was kind of "psychological" advise : if you believe on it, then you do it, then you will have positive result. But I agree with violet that there is still none appropriate study to prove that theory.
And by the way, what "eat diet according to your blood type" suggests most likely are full lists of healthy foods, so I do believe if you follow a healthy diet program (doesn't have to be blood-type-diet), you will have a healthy life indeed..
Stay healthy always..

Q. is it possible to change my blood type from ab to ab-?

A. not really no...i mean there's a possibility if you'll have bone marrow and liver transplant-
http://www.news.com.au/entertainment/story/0,26278,23106284-5007185,00.html

and immunologically there shouldn't be a problem, because the body will react to an addition of proteins but not the lack of them (Rh-). but i fail to see why you want to do that.

More discussions about blood typing
References in periodicals archive ?
New product development opportunities for molecular blood typing, grouping and infectious disease NAT assays and instrumentation with significant market appeal.
While other manual methods for blood typing are available, such products and methods generally either require liquid reagents that need refrigeration or they are used in an open environment, potentially subjecting the test to contamination.
This 280-page report presents a comprehensive analysis of the clinical significance and market needs for major blood typing, grouping, and infectious disease screening assays, including NAT tests, as well as extensive listings of companies developing or marketing new blood banking technologies and products.
The ABORhCard is a single use, disposable device that incorporates the necessary blood typing reagents.
Appendix: Assumed Currency Exchange Rates List of Tables Major Companies Developing or Marketing Blood Typing and Grouping Tests Major Companies Developing or Marketing HLA Typing Tests Major Companies Developing or Marketing AIDS Tests Major Companies Developing or Marketing Hepatitis Tests Major Companies Developing or Marketing CMV Tests Major Companies Developing or Marketing Syphilis Tests Major Companies Developing or Marketing Blood Bank Analyzers Executive Summary Table: U.
During the month of September Lab Express is offering Blood Typing for $8, which includes a laminated medical card stating the patient's blood type to be carried with them in case of emergencies.
European Blood Typing, Grouping and Infectious Disease Screening Market 2013: France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK-- Sales Forecasts, Supplier Shares, Competitive Strategies utm_campaign=In_Vitro_Diagnostic
Blood typing typically focuses on a donor's blood type (either A, B, AB or O) and Rhesus (Rh) factor.
In addition, the Company is the world's leading provider of monoclonal antibodies for the blood typing industry.