blink response


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blink response

a response elicited during nerve conduction studies, consisting of muscle action potentials evoked from orbicularis oculi muscles after brief electric or mechanical stimuli to the cutaneous area supplied by the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve. Characteristically, there is an early response (approximately 10 msec after stimulus) ipsilateral to the stimulation site (labeled R1) and bilateral late responses (approximately 30 msec after stimulus; labeled R2); the latter are responsible for the visible twitch of the orbicularis oculi muscles.

blink re·sponse

, blink reflex (blingk rĕ-spons', rē'fleks)
A response elicited during nerve conduction studies, consisting of muscle action potentials evoked from orbicularis oculi muscles after brief electric or mechanical stimuli to the cutaneous area supplied by the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve. Characteristically, there is an early response (approximately 10 msec after stimulus) ipsilateral to the stimulation site (labeled R1) and bilateral late responses (approximately 30 msec after stimulus; labeled R2); the latter are responsible for the visible twitch of the orbicularis oculi muscles.

blink

the involuntary movement of one or both eyelids of both eyes simultaneously. The frequency varies between species. Cats blink the least, with the possible exception of owls. In birds it is the lower eyelid which is moved up to meet the upper lid. In mammals the upper eyelid is moved down to meet the lower lid. The blink is a part of several reflexes including the palpebral, conjunctival and menace reflexes.

blink reflex
see blink response.
blink response
absent in lesions of the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve. Called also blink reflex.