blast injury


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blast in·ju·ry

tearing of lung tissue or rupture of any tissue or organ without external injury, as by the force of an explosion.
An injury due to explosions or rapid decompression, the severity of which is a direct function of the intensity of the blast wave; death is caused by exsanguination from ruptured pulmonary vessels with haemorrhage, haemoptysis, air embolism, hypoxia, and respiratory failure; other lesions include cardiac contusion, causing arrhythmia, rupture of hollow organs, cerebral injuries—parenchymal hemorrhage and air embolism—and rupture of tympanic membranes
Management Supportive; if air embolism is present, hyperbaric oxygen is indicated; other facets of blast injuries include impinging flying objects and whether the subject was submerged or free-standing at the time of the explosion

blast injury

Trauma medicine An injury due to explosions or rapid decompression, the severity of which is a direct function of the intensity of the blast wave; death is caused by exsanguination from ruptured pulmonary vessels with hemorrhage, hemoptysis, air embolism, hypoxia, and respiratory failure; other lesions include cardiac contusion, causing arrhythmia, rupture of hollow organs, cerebral injuries–parenchymal hemorrhage and air embolism, and rupture of tympanic membranes Treatment Supportive; if air embolism is present, hyperbaric oxygen is indicated; other facets of blast injuries include impinging flying objects and whether the subject was submerged or free-standing at the time of the explosion. Cf Nuclear war.

blast in·ju·ry

(blast in'jŭr-ē)
Tearing of lung tissue or rupture of abdominal viscera without external injury, as by the force of an explosion.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cardiopulmonary physiology of primary blast injury.
The centre has developed its own test rig, the Anti-vehicle Underbelly Blast Injury Simulator (Anubis), to analyse the complex lower-limb injuries typically suffered by the occupants of armoured personnel carriers blown up by IEDs.
A blast injury event was defined as the presence of a blast-related mechanism of injury and/or ICD-9-CM external cause of injury code (E code) in the EMED clinical record.
Cholesteatoma was present in 5 patients in the delayed group (23%); 3 had sustained a penetrating trauma and two had incurred a blast injury.
He was a passive case who sustained blast injury with no amputation," the DOH report said.
The baby boy suffered a blast injury on his left knee after he was hit with pop-pop, a firework that is legal.
Primary blast injury affects the gas-filled structures, especially the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and middle ear.
Keyword: Fire arm injury, Bomb Blast Injury, Drone Attacks.
This could help improve research into assessing blast injury.
Detonation of IEDs and injury secondary to unexploded ordinance detonation were the most common cause of blast injury.
THE Royal British Legion is calling on people from Birmingham and the Black Country to donate items of military memoribilia to raise funds for its centre for blast injury studies.
Career indicators, especially disability discharge, should continue to be considered within the overall spectrum of blast injury functional outcomes and should be incorporated into the evaluation and refinement rehabilitation strategies.