The practitioners referred to by Hippocrates tended to be concerned primarily with bladder stones
, which are known to have been common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
Vats avoided a surgery for the removal of his gall bladder stone
for four years out of fear.
We also excluded patients with a urinary tract infection, bladder stones
, PSA values over 4 mg/mL, suspicious nodule demonstrated by DRE and prostate cancer.
To the best of our knowledge, our patient represents one of the largest bladder stone
cases reported to date.
In the intervening period, the ceramic beak had become calcified rendering it indistinguishable from a bladder stone
at cystoscopy, but more obviously a metallic foreign body on KUB.
Diagnosis is mainly through analysis of the urine, bladder palpation and radiographs, which are taken to evaluate the bladder for common types of bladder stones
, which could have descended from the kidney where stones also form and can pass into the bladder, forming a kind of "gravel".
We have observed that at least 12-15 per cent of people who take weight-loss supplements, tea and pills on their own develop gall bladder stones
Possible causes of bladder outflow obstruction in men include urethral stricture, benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer, prostatitis, bladder stones
and bladder neck stenosis.
A BLADDER stones
occur when the waste products in the bladder form crystals.
Severe BPH can lead to serious problems over time, such as strain on the bladder, urinary tract infections, bladder or kidney damage, bladder stones
, and the inability to control urine (incontinence).
Complications of bladder problems resulting from spinal cord injury include urinary tract infections, sepsis, dyssynergia, kidney stones or bladder stones
and bladder cancer in those who use indwelling catheters for a long period of time.