perforation

(redirected from bladder perforation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

perforation

 [per″fo-ra´shun]
a hole or break in the containing walls or membranes of an organ or structure of the body. Perforation occurs when erosion, infection, or other factors create a weak spot in the organ and internal pressure causes a rupture. It also may result from a deep penetrating wound caused by trauma.

per·fo·ra·tion

(per'fō-rā'shŭn),
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
Synonym(s): tresis
[see perforated]

perforation

[pur′fôrā′shən]
Etymology: L, perforare, to pierce
a hole or opening made through the entire thickness of a membrane or other tissue or material.

perforation

Medtalk An abnormal transmural defect in a hollow organ. See Intestinal perforation.

per·fo·ra·tion

(pĕr'fŏr-ā'shŭn)
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
See also: perforated
Synonym(s): tresis.

perforation

A hole through the full thickness of the wall of an organ or tissue made by disease, injury or deliberate surgical act.

Perforation

A hole.
Mentioned in: Otitis Media, Peritonitis

per·fo·ra·tion

(pĕr'fŏr-ā'shŭn)
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
Synonym(s): tresis.

perforation

a hole or break in the containing walls or membranes of an organ or structure of the body. Perforation occurs when erosion, infection or other factors create a weak spot in the organ and internal pressure causes a rupture. It also may result from a deep penetrating wound caused by trauma.

bladder perforation
usually the result of obstructive urolithiasis with eventual leakage of urine into the peritoneal cavity. See also congenital urinary bladder rupture.
eardrum perforation
occurs when an infectious process erodes the tympanic membrane or leads to increased pressure in the middle ear.
esophageal perforation
causes local cellulitis and obstruction of the esophagus.
gallbladder perforation
sometimes occurs as a complication of cholecystitis and gallstones. When the gallbladder is infected, necrosis may progress to the point of destroying the wall so that the bile spills out into the abdominal cavity causing biliary peritonitis.
intestinal perforation
a complication of ulcerative colitis (see colitis), intestinal obstruction, ulceration and other disorders in which there is inflammation of the intestinal wall or obstruction of the intestinal lumen.
ulcer perforation
a complication of duodenal and gastric ulcers. It requires immediate surgical correction to prevent hemorrhage, shock and peritonitis.
urethral perforation
is usually a result of obstructive urolithiasis; urine collects in a ventral subcutaneous site.
References in periodicals archive ?
As with bladder perforation, reported incidence of voiding dysfunction has varied widely, from 2% to 45% with the newer midurethral slings.
With the obturator route, there was less voiding dysfunction, blood loss, and bladder perforation (0.
Bladder perforations appear to be an age dependent phenomenon, with the peak incidence from 10 to 15 years of age and declining thereafter.
Intra-operative view showing the bladder perforation.
A retropubic bottom-to-top route was found to be more effective than a top-to-bottom route, with less voiding dysfunction, fewer bladder perforations, and fewer tape erosions.
3] In 2001, transobturator tapes (TOT) were introduced to lower the number of bladder perforations and vascular injuries associated with TVT.
Sonographic diagnosis of bladder perforation by an intrauterine device.
Patients with suspected bladder perforation should not receive an immediate instillation as severe complications have been reported in this setting.
This approach has a theoretical advantage of less obstruction and postoperative voiding dysfunction, as well as avoiding some of the complications, such as bladder perforation and bowel perforation.
Anaesthetic paralysis or obturator nerve block while resecting an area near the obturator nerve may be helpful in preventing adductor contraction and potential bladder perforation.
Bladder perforation is another concern, particularly when treating lesions at the dome, where the bladder wall tends to be thinnest.
Complications range from pain during intercourse to bowel and bladder perforations, crippling nerve damage, lifelong pain and mobility problems.