black widow spider antivenin


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antivenin

 [an″te-, an″ti-ven´in]
a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal; it is composed of concentrated purified antibodies from the serum of an immunized animal, frequently a horse.
black widow spider antivenin antivenin (Latrodectus mactans).
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans).
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius).
North American coral snake antivenin antivenin (Micrurus fulvius).
polyvalent crotaline antivenin antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

black widow spider antivenin

a passive immunizing agent.
indication It is prescribed in the treatment of black widow spider bite.
contraindications Known hypersensitivity to this drug or to horse serum prohibits its use.
adverse effects Among the more serious adverse effects are allergic reactions.

black widow spider antivenin

Antitoxic serum obtained from horses immunized against the venom of the black widow spider (Latrodectus mactans) and used specifically to treat bites of the black widow spider. The serum is available from Merck Co., Inc., West Point, PA 19486.
See also: antivenin