black plague


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Related to black plague: Black Death, bubonic plague

black death

term applied to the worldwide epidemic of the 14th-century, of which some 60 million people are thought to have died; descriptions indicate that it was bubonic, septocemic, and pneumonic plague.

black plague

black plague

The black plague arrived with the Tartars in Sicily in late 1347, and reached Paris by the following winter; within 3–4 years of its debut, it had killed 25 million, 30% to 60% of Europe’s population at the time.  Yersinia pestis infection of mammalian hosts is attributed to suppression and avoidance of the host’s immune defences—e.g., phagocytosis and antibody production.

plague

(plag) [L., plaga, blow, injury]
1. Any widespread contagious disease associated with a high death rate.
2. An often fatal disease caused by Yersinia pestis. The natural hosts are ground squirrels, wild rodents, and rats; the vector is the rat flea. In the U.S., hunters, trappers, and campers may encounter infected mammals. Outbreaks are also associated with crowded living conditions and poor sanitation. Although plague was responsible for millions of deaths during the Middle Ages, improvements in sanitation, medical care, and the availability of antibiotics now prevent widespread epidemics. Plague is characterized by high fever, restlessness, confusion, prostration, delirium, shock, and coma. Streptomycin (the antibiotic of choice), gentamicin, tetracyclines, doxycycline, fluoroquinolones, and chloramphenicol are effective in treating plague. In the U.S., about 15 cases of plague are reported annually, primarily in western and southwestern regions. If treated promptly, plague is rarely fatal; however, in the U.S. about 1 in 7 people infected dies, usually because of delayed diagnosis or treatment.

ambulatory plague

A mild form of bubonic plague.

black plague

Plague.

bubonic plague

Plague.

hemorrhagic plague

A severe form of bubonic plague in which there is hemorrhage into the skin.

murine plague

A plague infecting rats.

pneumonic plague

A highly virulent form of plague spread from person to person by respiratory secretions. It occurs as a sequela of bubonic plague or as a primary infection.

septicemic plague

Severe bubonic plague; septicemia may precede the formation of buboes.

sylvatic plague

Bubonic plague that is endemic among wild rodents and their fleas.

white plague

An historical term for tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Does this "Black" past of Verney's come back in the body of the black plague victim, who is also the symptom of social ills?
Pestilence is a novel of debauchery and religious excess set in the fourteenth century during the onset of the Black Plague.
In Kansas, you can't get coverage for this new version of the Black Plague.
Except for cases of animals such as rats carrying the black plague or monkeys with Ebola hemorrhagic fever, there are no import controls on wildlife animals.
THE PREMISE behind William Morris's mid-Victorian magnum opus--some 42,000 lines of rhymed verse, first published over a two-year period between 1868 and 1870--is the story of twelve 14th-century Norwegian sailors who flee the Black Plague and "having heard of the Earthly Paradise, set sail to find it" (Morris's prologue).
Many years ago, the Black Plague devastated the population of Europe.
Barring such total rebellion, one wonders why nothing is mentioned of the work of Thomas Berry, who claimed (in The Dream of the Earth as well as writings dating back to the 1970s) that redemption theology was a wrong turn the Church took in the fourteenth century after the Black Plague.
Sputnik turned the West into a community of guilt-ridden flagellants in much the way the Black Plague had affected medieval Europeans.
I think as people concentrate on the real magnitude and scope of the epidemic and do see that more people have now died than died from the Black Plague, it increases the sense of urgency to find a vaccine.
the village is burning the goddamn black plague they mean black people
Don't know if it was flu, tonsillitis or the black plague, but what I do know is Sunday is the worst day in the world to have anything wrong with you.