black bile


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Related to black bile: yellow bile

black bile

n.
One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, supposed to cause melancholy when present in excess.
References in periodicals archive ?
Theophrastus compared the emotional effects of Black Bile to the experience of having drunk too much wine, with rapid changes from hilarity to depression taking place.
Whereas karkinos arose from excess black bile, oedema was caused by excessive phlegm.
STRANGE: Alex Gene Morrison's Black Bile, shortlisted for the John Moores award
He also improved the Aristotelian specifications of the relationship between melancholy and disorder in the black bile.
It is the black bile of the sanguine personality type, melancholic and unconsolable that describes many of Paci's characters.
But ever so occasionally the build-up of black bile becomes too much for even a melancholy soul such as mine.
predominance of black bile thought to impart to "the skin a