bivalent

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bivalent

 [bi-va´lent]
the structure formed by a pair of homologous chromosomes joined by synapsis along their length during the zygotene and pachytene stages of the first meiotic prophase. After each homologous chromosome splits into two sister chromatids during the pachytene stage, this structure is called a tetrad.

bi·va·lent

(bī-vā'lent, biv'ă-lent),
1. Having a combining power (valence) of 2.
See also: tetrad. Synonym(s): divalent
2. In cytology, a structure consisting of two paired homologous chromosomes, each split into two sister chromatids, as seen during the pachytene stage of prophase in meiosis.
See also: tetrad.

bivalent

/bi·va·lent/ (bi-va´lent)
2. the structure formed by a pair of homologous chromosomes by synapsis along their length during the zygotene and pachytene stages of the first meiotic prophase.

bivalent

(bī-vā′lənt)
adj.
1. Genetics Relating to or being a pair of homologous, side-by-side chromosomes, especially during meiosis; double.
2. Chemistry & Immunology Divalent.

bi·va′lence, bi·va′len·cy n.

bivalent

[bīvā′lənt]
Etymology: L, bis + valere, to be powerful
1 See divalent. (in genetics) a pair of synapsed homologous chromosomes that are attached to each other by chiasmata during the early first meiotic prophase of gametogenesis. The structure serves as the basis for the tetrads from which gametes are produced during the two meiotic divisions.
2 See valence, def. 1. bivalence, n.

bivalent

Chemistry
adjective Referring to an atom with 2 valent states.
 
Genetics
adjective Referring to either of 2 homologous chromosomes in synapsis during meiosis.

bi·va·lent

(bī-vā'lĕnt)
1. Having a combining power (valence) of two.
Synonym(s): divalent.
2. cytology a structure consisting of two paired homologous chromosomes, each split into two sister chromatids, as seen during the pachytene stage of prophase in meiosis.

bivalent

(of a pair of homologous CHROMOSOMES) being paired during prophase I of MEIOSIS. Compare MULTIVALENT.

bivalent

1. having a valence of two.
2. denoting homologous chromosomes associated in pairs during the first meiotic prophase.