bitter melon

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bitter melon

1. A tropical annual vine (Momordica charantia) native to Asia, having yellow flowers and orange, warty fruits that open at maturity to expose red-coated seeds. Various parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine or for food.
2. The immature green fruit of this plant, eaten as a vegetable. In both senses also called bitter gourd.

bitter melon

The fruit of a Chinese vine related to cucumbers, administered in tea, capsules or retention enemas, which allegedly “purifies” blood, prevents viral infections and has antiretroviral activity. It has been used for managing diabetes, gastrointestinal complaints and cancer.

bit·ter mel·on

(bit'ĕr mel'ŏn)
Momordica charantia, tropical fruit that is typically consumed as a juice, although sometimes eaten. Limited studies suggest use in Type 2 diabetes; also purportedly of value as an antiinfective.

bitter melon,

n Latin name:
Momordica charantia L.; parts used: fruit, seeds, seed oil, leaves; uses: antidiabetic, antiinfective, antipyretic, anthelmintic, laxative, possible antifungal, androgenic, antiviral, antimalarial actions; possibly useful for infertility; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, patients taking hypoglycemic medications; may cause uterine bleeding or contractions, hepatotoxicity; seeds are toxic to children. Also called
balsam apple, balsam pear, bitter cucum-ber, bitter pear, carilla cundeamor, fu gwa, or
Enlarge picture
Bitter melon.


1. an austere and unpalatable taste like that of quinine.
2. a medicinal and culinary agent used as a tonic, alterative or appetizer.

bitter almond
a variety of Prunus amygdalus, the almond tree. Grown for the production of almond oil. The kernel of its seed contains sufficient cyanogenetic glycoside to be a possible cause of cyanide poisoning. The smell of bitter almonds is often quoted as being a characteristic finding in cases of cyanide poisoning in animals.
bitter bark
see alstoniaconstricta.
bitter melon
bitter rubberweed
bitter sneezeweed
bitter vetch
References in periodicals archive ?
In a controlled lab setting, Ray found that bitter melon extract regulated several pathways that helped reduce the head and neck cancer cell growth in the animal model.
The authors conclude that BM may be a useful adjuvant to diet control in DMII because the patients taking the botanical agent suffered less complications than those taking the pharmaceutical product, suggesting that sialic acid concentration may be playing a more substantial role in bitter melon mediated antidiabetic effect than in the rosiglitazone mediated effect.
Therefore the present study was undertaken to elucidate quantitative changes in serum sialic acid concentration in NIDDM patients following bitter melon (Momordica charantia) and rosiglitazone (Avan-dia) treatment to illustrate the comparative effect of these drugs on sialic acid content of the patients.
The concentrations of Cd in the edible portions of sugarcane, banana, oriental lettuce, bitter melon, eggplant, hot pepper, ong choy, sweet potato leaf, and rice grain were more than 149, 187, 7.
And Asian consumers will look for bitter melon, bok choy, Thai, Japanese and Chinese eggplant, snow peas, sugar snap peas and lemon grass at their supermarket.
drumstick leaf meal, krishnachura leaf meal, ipil ipil leaf meal, duckweed meal, waste tea leaf meal, rubber seed meal, neem leaf and seed meal, cassava leaf and stem meal, bitter melon seed meal and triticale meal).
Zedoary, a purple turmeric, helps aid digestion; and Goya, a bitter melon, is the nutritional king of the Okinawan diet.
Pyorrhoea is bleeding from the gums and including bitter melon in the daily diet or having some of its juice every morning on an empty stomach helps to reduce this problem.
Washington, March 24 ( ANI ): An Indian origin scientist has received a 39,42-dollar grant from the Lottie Caroline Hardy Charitable Trust to continue her research on treating cancer with an extract from bitter melon, a vegetable common in India and known as 'karela' in Hindi.
Then he began a diet that combined whole grains and fermented foods, such as yams and bitter melon.
Whether you're seeking out the finest herbs, be it cilantro or mint, or such delicious fruits as figs, grapes, grape leaves, bitter melon or exotic fruits like guava and passion fruit, Sabzee Mediterranean Market will be the place for food lovers from all over Los Angeles to break out of their food rut.
The supplements that I use the most often in my patient population are bitter melon, nopal cactus, and cinnamon.