bismuth


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Related to bismuth: bismuth oxychloride

bismuth

 (Bi) [biz´muth]
a chemical element, atomic number 83, atomic weight 208.980. (See Appendix 6.) Its salts have been used for their antacid and mild astringent properties in relief of inflammatory diseases of the stomach and intestines, and as topical protectants in skin and anorectal disorders.
bismuth subsalicylate a bismuth salt of salicylic acid, administered orally in the treatment of diarrhea and gastric distress, including nausea, indigestion, and heartburn.

bis·muth (Bi),

(biz'mŭth),
A metallic element; atomic no. 83, atomic wt. 20.98037. Several of its salts are used in medicine; some contain BiO+, rather than Bi3+, and are called subsalts. The metal is used as an electron microscope stain for nucleic acids.
[Ger. Wismut, weisse Masse, white mass]

bismuth

/bis·muth/ (Bi) (biz´muth) a chemical element, at. no. 83. Its salts have been used to treat diarrhea, nausea, and other gastrointestinal conditions.
bismuth subsalicylate  a bismuth salt of salicylic acid, used in the treatment of diarrhea and gastric distress, including nausea, indigestion, and heartburn.

bismuth (Bi)

[biz′məth, bis′-]
Etymology: Ger, wismut, white mass
a reddish, crystalline, trivalent metallic element. Its atomic number is 83. Its atomic mass is 208.98. It is combined with various other elements, such as oxygen, to produce numerous salts used in the manufacture of many pharmaceutic substances.

bismuth

A brittle, red-white metallic element (atomic number 83; atomic weight 208.98), which crystallises in rhombohedrons; melting temperature 271.5ºC (520.7º F); specific gravity of 9.8.

Applications
Cosmetics, pigments, pharmaceuticals, pigment,  thermoelectric piles, and as an alloy with lead and tin in fusible alloys.

bis·muth

(Bi) (biz'mŭth)
A trivalent metallic element; atomic no. 83, atomic wt. 20.98037. Several of its salts are used in medicine.
[Ger. Wismut, weisse Masse, white mass]

bismuth

A drug that reacts with the stomach secretions to form a protective coat over the inner lining (mucous membrane) and especially over the floors of peptic ulcers. Bismuth also has a specific effect against the organism Helicobacter pylori which is implicated in the production of peptic ulcers, but has been superceded in this role by more effective drugs such as metronidazole or clarithromycin.

Bismuth

A substance used in medicines to treat diarrhea, nausea, and indigestion.

bismuth (bizˑ·mth),

n a mineral that is used as an antacid and for removing
Helicobacter pylori. Several variations of this mineral are found and include bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol) and bismuth subcitrate.

bis·muth

(Bi) (biz'mŭth)
A trivalent metallic element; its salts are used in medicine.

bismuth (biz´məth),

n a reddish, crystalline, trivalent metallic element that in combination with other elements forms salts that are used in the production of many pharmaceutical compounds.
bismuth poisoning,
bismuth subsalicylate,
n brand names: Bisamatrol, Pepto-Bismol;
drug class: antidiarrheal;
action: mechanism of action unknown;
uses: treatment of diarrhea, prevention of diarrhea when traveling.

bismuth

a chemical element, atomic number 83, atomic weight 208.980, symbol Bi. See Table 6. Several insoluble salts, including the subcarbonate and subnitrate, have been used in the management of inflammatory diseases of the stomach and intestines. Toxic doses cause kidney damage.

bismuth glycollylarsanilate
bismuth subgallate
used topically in wound powders and in the treatment of metritis.
bismuth subsalicylate, bismuth salicylate
an insoluble salt, used orally in the treatment of diarrhea and as an antacid. There is liberation of salicylic acid which acts against prostaglandin synthetase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Notably, South Korean steel producer POSCO is now producing free-machining steel with bismuth instead of lead in response to increasing regulations and environmental awareness.
There are two phases of encephalopathy associated with Pepto Bismuth use: (2,4)
50] of bismuth lactate was found to consist of 920 [+ or -] 28 mg/L of lactate and 0,09 [+ or -] 0.
By doping bismuth selenide with a bit of copper, the researchers were able to make it superconduct--a first for a topological insulator.
Adding microelements can decrease the solder melting point because these microelements can dissolve in the solid solution of SnBi20 and alter the space between tin and bismuth atoms, therefore altering the combination force between atoms.
Although ranitidine (Zantac) is compatible with pregnancy, both the salt form ranitidine bismuth citrate (Tritec) and bismuth alone are best avoided because the limited human data prevent an accurate assessment of bismuth's risk to the embryo or fetus.
The [lambda]/3 peak is minimized using Bragg reflection from polycrystalline bismuth.
Another remedy: Pepto-Bismol or some other brand of bismuth subsalicylate.
The Post has published many letters from readers who successfully eliminate flatulence odor with pills containing bismuth subgallate.
The SatEvePost has published many letters from readers who successfully eliminate flatulence odor with pills containing bismuth subgallate.
However, blood tests on occasion give false positive results, and the other tests may give false negative results in people who have recently taken antibiotics, omeprazole (Prilosec[R]), or bismuth (Pepto-Bismol[R]).
Watch especially for decreased frequency of stools when anticholinergics, antidepressants, anti-psychotics, antidiarrheal, diuretics, NSAIDs, iron, calcium, zinc or bismuth salts, salts, colestipol, cholestyramine, Kayexalate or cold and sinus medications are started.