birth defect


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birth de·fect

defect present at birth; sometimes referred to as congenital defect or anomaly.

birth defect

n.
A physiological or structural abnormality that develops at or before birth and is present at the time of birth, especially as a result of faulty development, infection, heredity, or injury. Also called congenital anomaly.

birth defect

birth defect

(1) Any distortion of a part or general disfigurement of the body.
(2) Congenital malformation, see there.
(3) An abnormality of structure, function or body metabolism present at birth that may result in a physical and/or mental disability or is fatal.

birth defect

Neonatology
1. Any distortion of a part or general disfigurement of the body.
3. An abnormality of structure, function or body metabolism present at birth that may result in a physical and/or mental disability or is fatal.

birth de·fect

(bĭrth dēfekt)
Any structural or biochemical abnormality present at birth; may be due to genetic or developmental factors.
Compare: congenital anomaly

birth de·fect

(bĭrth dēfekt)
Defect present at birth; sometimes referred to as congenital defect or anomaly.

Patient discussion about birth defect

Q. Is it a birth defect in children? I know about the causes of autism. Is it a birth defect in children?

A. it's not an easy answer i'm afraid...there are congenital differences, but no "birth defect" that we can detect. there's a good pdf file that gives a full explanation about it...i think you'll find it useful:
http://209.85.129.132/search?q=cache:U7PHTfTAZhYJ:www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/upload/autism_overview_2005.pdf+http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/upload/autism_overview_2005.pdf&hl=iw&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=il

More discussions about birth defect
References in periodicals archive ?
With that kind of structure in place, he would like to see all health-related programs in a country incorporate relevant birth defect information into their work, whether it's related to nutrition, disease, pollutants, genetics, or other fields.
Against this background it is easily understood how past concepts about congenitally malformed children induced violations of human dignity for people with birth defects, and more recently have retarded the acquisition of this dignity.
A history of infertility, either with or without assisted conception, was also significantly associated with birth defects.
Also of interest, parents with children younger than age 18 (who estimate 17%) do not differ from those who are not parents of young children (who estimate 16%) in their estimates of the incidence of birth defects.
Alarm bells first sounded in the spring of 1977 when the NCA and the NIAAA issued their joint statement, a portion of which declared that the "pregnant woman who has six or more drinks a day--upwards of 3 ounces of alcohol--runs a significant risk of producing a child with birth defects.
Of the 13 babies born with the major birth defects, 12 of them were born to these mothers.
In addition to shedding light on the biology of cleft palate, the research raises hopes that it may one day be possible to prevent many types of human birth defects by using a similar vaccination-type technique in pregnant women likely to have affected fetuses.
More information can also be found on the Arentz Law Group Zyban Birth Defect Help Center page on Facebook.
That is, after adjusting for all covariates, increasing diet quality based on either index was associated with reduced risk of each birth defect studied," the researchers said (Arch.
However, using data from the US National Birth Defects Prevention Study to examine associations of PGDM and GDM with risk for a broader range of birth defect categories, researchers found PGDM to be associated with a broader range of birth defects than GDM, and the association between GDM and birth defects was limited mostly to overweight and obese women.
Two large case-control studies published in June represent the latest efforts to use birth defect surveillance programs to refine our understanding of the reproductive safety of SSRIs.
A federal study linked THMs in drinking water to a birth defect called spina bifida, in which the spinal cord is not properly enclosed by bone.