bipolar


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Related to bipolar: bipolar disorder

bipolar

 [bi-po´lar]
1. having two poles or pertaining to both poles.
2. describing a neuron with processes at both ends.
3. pertaining to mood disorders in which both manic or hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes occur.
bipolar disorders mood disorders with a history of manic, mixed, or hypomanic episodes, usually with present or previous history of one or more major depressive episodes; included are bipolar I disorder, characterized by one or more manic or mixed episode(s); bipolar II disorder, characterized by one or more hypomanic episodes but no manic episodes, and cyclothymic disorder. The term is sometimes used in the singular to refer to either bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, or both.

bi·po·lar

(bī-pō'ler),
Having two poles, ends, or extremes.

bipolar

/bi·po·lar/ (-po´lar)
1. having two poles or pertaining to both poles.
2. describing neurons that have processes at both ends.
3. pertaining to mood disorders in which both depressive episodes and manic or hypomanic episodes occur.

bipolar

(bī-pō′lər)
adj.
1. Biology Having two poles or opposite extremities: a bipolar neuron.
2. Psychiatry Of, relating to, or having bipolar disorder.
n.
Informal A person with bipolar disorder.

bi′po·lar′i·ty (-lăr′ĭ-tē) n.

bipolar

[bīpō′lər]
Etymology: L, bis + polus, pole
1 having two poles, such as in certain electrotherapeutic treatments using two poles or in certain types of bacterial staining that affects only the two poles of the microorganism under study.
2 (of a nerve cell) having an afferent and an efferent process.

bipolar

Cardiology
Having or referring to 2 electrodes, both of which are located externally to the pulse generator, usually in the heart. For example, a bipolar pacing lead has 2 electrodes: a small tip electrode through which the heart is usually stimulated, and a ring electrode located 7 mm proximal to the tip electrode, which completes the electrical circuit. During pacing the current flow is between these 2 electrodes; they also serve to sense spontaneous heart activity.
 
Medspeak
Having or referring to poles or ends.

Psychiatry
Bipolar disorder, see there.

bipolar

adjective Having 2 poles Cardiac pacing Having 2 electrodes, both of which are external to the pulse generator, usually in the heart. See Pulse generator.

bi·po·lar

(bī-pō'lăr)
1. Having two poles, ends, or extremes.
2. Pertaining to a mood disorder involving alternating mania and depression.

bi·po·lar

(bī-pō'lăr)
With two poles or ends.

bipolar

1. having two poles.
2. pertaining to both poles.

bipolar neurons
one of the types of cells in the retina.
bipolar staining
a characteristic of some bacteria, such as Pasteurella spp.

Patient discussion about bipolar

Q. Why is there bipolar disorder?

A. Why is there Cancer? Why is there all kinds of illnesses. Some spiritual people may say that it is a test of your spirit. But why is often a victom frame of mind. Why me? Why my loved one? The trouth is there is no answer to the question, there are only solutions. The solution to bipolar disorder are diagnosis and treatments.

Q. is Bipolar genetic?

A. Bipolar disorder has a very strong genetic background: The approximate lifetime risk of this disease in relatives of a bipolar patient is 40 to 70 percent for a monozygotic (identical) twin and 5 to 10 percent for a first degree relative, compared with 0.5 to 1.5 percent for an unrelated person.

Q. why do you call Bipolar ... Bipolar? i mean what does it mean?

A. Bipolar disorder is called this way because it is charecterized by two types of obvious mood disorders- depression on the one side, and mania, or hypomania (a manic state, or 'high'), on the other side.

More discussions about bipolar
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Katie Lewis, from Cardiff University, who led the research, explained: "We found that 20% of people with bipolar disorder reported that sleep loss had triggered episodes of high mood, whereas 12% reported that sleep loss had triggered episodes of low mood.
Of those with a new diagnosis, 70% of the new diagnoses were bipolar disorder and 30% were schizoaffective disorder.
Sunovion intends to submit a supplemental New Drug Application to the FDA in 2017 for Latuda as a treatment for children and adolescents aged 10 to 17 years with bipolar depression.
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A recent systematic review that combined the results of four treatment studies [12] found that 42% of patients with comorbid bipolar disorder and OCD were simultaneously treated with multiple mood stabilizers and another 10% needed combined treatment with mood stabilizers and antipsychotic medications.
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When the team measured gene expression first in the stem cells, and then re-evaluated the cells once they had become neurons, very specific differences emerged between the cells derived from bipolar disorder patients and those without the condition.
Other studies (see Baethge et al, 2008; Myin-Germey et al, 2009; Palmier-Claus et al, 2010) have proposed the thesis of cannabis as a 'self-medication' option adopted by bipolar individuals.
Also since these depressed or anxious family members usually appear in psychiatrists' offices in their caregiver roles for their relatives with bipolar disorder, their psychiatric disability is often either unappreciated or unnoticed by clinicians (Bipolar Disord.
Just as mood symptoms of bipolar disorder influence depression and anxiety levels in the family members of patients, the reverse is true, and the symptom load in caregivers affects the course and the outcome of the illness in their relatives with bipolar disorder.