biotrophic


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biotrophic

(of microorganisms) feeding on living organisms, parasitic. Compare NECROTROPHIC.
References in periodicals archive ?
The multiple germination recorded in spores has been presented as a possible strategy to perpetuate the species, whereas AMF, as obligatory biotrophic species, need to join a compatible host to survive (MAIA et al.
Contrasting mechanisms of defense against biotrophic and necrotrophic pathogens.
This fungus is an obligate biotrophic fungus that specializes on Brassicaceous species and is distributed worldwide (Koch and Slusarenko, 1990).
Among the topics are metabolite analysis and metabolomics in the study of biotrophic interactions between plants and microbes, a role for metabolomics in plant ecology, the metabolomics of Arabidopsis thaliana, how metabolomics can help develop tasty and nutritious food, relations of metabolomics with genetics and genomics, chemometrics and biostatistics for plant applications, and spatially resolved plant metabolomics.
Zervakis G, Katsaris P, Ioannidou S, Lahouvaris E, Phillippoussis A (2001a) Facultative biotrophic Basidi-omycetes produce high-quality edible mushrooms.
Thiamine activates SAR-related genes in rice, tobacco, tomato, cucumber, and Arabidopsis and prevents several diseases caused by semibiotrophic and biotrophic pathogens.
polymorpha could be described as a biotrophic symbiosis, where at least one of two involved organisms obtains nutrients from the other (Ahmadjian & Paracer 1986).
Epichloe-Neotyphodium endophytes are a group of biotrophic fungi that form symbiotic associations with temperate grasses of the subfamily Pooideae (Schardl and Wilkinson, 2000).
Other topics include (for example) global food security; contrasting mechanisms of defense against biotrophic and necrotrophic pathogens; and the commercialization and implementation of biocontrol products.
Further challenges are posed by other, obscure aspects of AM: their obligate biotrophic status, their multinuclear condition, and an unexpected level of genetic variability (Hijri et al.