biotrauma


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biotrauma

(bi?o-traw'ma) [? + ?]
Injury to the lungs during mechanical ventilation resulting from excessive inflammation (i.e., from the systemic release of damaging cytokines). Biotrauma is one type of ventilatory-induced lung injury.
See: inflammation for illus.
References in periodicals archive ?
sup][1] However, because of barotrauma, volutrauma, and biotrauma, MV could cause or aggravate acute lung injury not only in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients but also in patients with normal lung function.
VILI is a complex collection of lung deconstuctive elements that manifests itself in a number of forms including but is not limited to the following categories of ventilator induced lung injury; Volutrama, Barotrauma, Biotrauma, RACE and Atelectrauma.
This is especially true with increasing awareness of the complications of mechanical ventilation, such as barotrauma, volutrauma and biotrauma.
HFV helps to reduce barotrauma with low pressures, biotrauma and atelectrauma.
What must not be overlooked is that these life sustaining devices, if not properly managed, can cause or are associated with life threatening complications including volutrauma, barotrauma, biotrauma, tracheal injury, ventilator associated pneumonia and multi-system organ failure.
Invasive ventilation has a myriad of complications associated with it--the artificial airway itself; ventilator-associated pneumonia, barotrauma, biotrauma, and airway trauma to name a few.