biotic stress

biotic stress

A general term for the adverse effect on plants caused by other living organisms, including viruses, fungi, parasites, bacteria, insects, weeds and competing plants.
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Beside biotic stress conditions, abiotic ones, especially drought, have caused crop yield losses as well as the significant effect on plant growth and crop quality in recent years (Kacar et al.
Nanomaterials have been shown to enhance faster plant germination/production, improve plant resistance to abiotic and biotic stress, assist efficient nutrient exploitation and promote plant growth, with reduced environmental impact compared to traditional approaches with bulk material (Reynolds, 2002).
These PR proteins play an important role during abiotic and biotic stress conditions.
Plant bioestimulants: A review on the processing of macroalgae and use of extracts for crop management to reduce abiotic and biotic stress.
By co-culturing plant stem cells with microorganisms (like bacteria), biotic stress is created that promotes the formation of secondary metabolites.
IRE1-DEPENDENT MRNA TURN-OVER DURING BIOTIC STRESS IN ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA.
Translational Genomics for Crop Breeding; Volume 1: Biotic Stress
The impairment of the balance (higher ROS production and/or lower buffering capacity), and therefore the occurrence of oxidative stress, has been related to an increased susceptibility to different environmental or biotic stress and to the development of different types of pathology in different animal species.
Soil salinity is one of the most important a biotic stress that limit crop production[1, 2].
The phenolic substance is synthesized by the tomato plant when it is subjected to biotic stress.
In addition, as economics will likely become more strained in the agricultural sector, access to and application of precision farming techniques, advanced breeding for environmental and biotic stress tolerance, and design of more efficient planting, harvest, and maintenance equipment will play pivotal roles in the successful future farm.