bioprospecting

(redirected from bioprospectors)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.
Related to bioprospectors: Bioprospecting, biopiracy, Biopiracy and bioprospecting

bioprospecting

(bī′ō-prŏs′pĕk-tĭng)
n.
The attempt to discover in living organisms biochemicals or genetic sequences that have medical, agricultural, or industrial value.

bi′o·pros′pec·tor n.

bioprospecting

The analysis of plants, animals, insects and other organisms in an ecosystem with high biodiversity for therapeutic candidate molecules and substances.

bioprospecting

searching for economically valuable biochemical and genetic resources from ANIMALS, PLANTS and MICROORGANISMS in nature. Examples of products obtained include biochemicals with pharmaceutical activities, such as taxol with ANTI-TUMOUR activity; and enzymes, such as Taq POLYMERASE, from the THERMOPHILIC BACTERIUM Thermus aquaticus, used in the POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION.

Some definitions include exploitation of whole organisms, as in BIOPESTICIDES and BIOREMEDIATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
Those parts of the genetic information that turn out to be valuable (that have ex post value) will generally end up as public information controlled by the bioprospector (through the patent system, for example).
The wealth of bioresources in Taiwan has, of course, drawn the attention of bioprospectors.
For example, to some extent, the Philippine law that adopts an extremely complicated and multi-layered consent process has hindered the attempts of foreign bioprospectors to seek GR access there.
The disappointing conclusion to the process for foreign bioprospectors was actually a result of the lack of PIC regulations.
Third, the interest of bioprospectors should be properly safeguarded.
He sees bioprospecting as a win-win situation for bioprospectors, public health, and source countries when treaties are equitable.
By one measure at least, the CBD has seen success in its first decade: most nations now expect bioprospectors to enter into benefit-sharing agreements before delving into a country's natural products.
Because of the high odds against striking it rich, it often makes economic sense for bioprospectors to hedge their bets by seeking advance payments and relatively small royalties rather than foregoing collecting fees and holding out for higher royalties that may never materialize.