bioprospecting


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Related to bioprospecting: Biopiracy and bioprospecting

bioprospecting

(bī′ō-prŏs′pĕk-tĭng)
n.
The attempt to discover in living organisms biochemicals or genetic sequences that have medical, agricultural, or industrial value.

bi′o·pros′pec·tor n.

bioprospecting

The analysis of plants, animals, insects and other organisms in an ecosystem with high biodiversity for therapeutic candidate molecules and substances.

bioprospecting

searching for economically valuable biochemical and genetic resources from ANIMALS, PLANTS and MICROORGANISMS in nature. Examples of products obtained include biochemicals with pharmaceutical activities, such as taxol with ANTI-TUMOUR activity; and enzymes, such as Taq POLYMERASE, from the THERMOPHILIC BACTERIUM Thermus aquaticus, used in the POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION.

Some definitions include exploitation of whole organisms, as in BIOPESTICIDES and BIOREMEDIATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
During the Indaba, government, investors and industry stakeholders from wildlife, bioprospecting and biotrade, and eco-tourism sectors pledged their commitment to the development and economic growth of a sector of South Africas economy that has the potential to become one of the largest contributors to the countrys GDP.
Once signed, the EO will strengthen the national policy on access and benefit sharing that will ensure not only access for bioprospecting, but also protection against biopiracy.
All of the discovery programs during the bioprospecting surge trained scientists in the countries where they operated at least in the practice of gathering samples for evaluation and specimens that document those samples.
Aprovechando la importancia que iba tomando la bioprospeccion antartica, tanto doctrinalmente como en las instituciones del STA, en el marco de la XXVI RCTA (Madrid, 2003), tuvo lugar el evento a partir del cual se han generado mas aportes al debate teorico, denominado Bioprospecting in Antarctica.
Bioprospecting and democracy: a view from the right to biological diversity
33) Bioprospecting encompasses the protection, collection, research, and development of biodiversity, in conjunction with reliance on local communities to facilitate the search for resources.
Biopiracy or bioprospecting is the term used to refer to the commercialization of biologically-based resources -- including knowledge gained from the characteristics of plants and animals -- that is then used for profit (i.
About 180 selected and peer-reviewed papers cover microbial ecology, geomicrobiology, and bioprospecting in natural and mining environments; -omics, molecular genetics, and the biochemistry of microorganism in mining processes; studies, practices, and operations in industrial biohydrometallurgy; and biohydrometallurgy as a remediation strategy.
Instead, bioprospecting of un/less explored ecosystems like marine, desert, forests, caves, and hills has been proved as useful method for tapping innumerable number of bioactive compounds from novel bioactive actinomycetes [7-10] including anti-TB metabolites [11].
2013) Emerging Trends in Genomic Approaches for Microbial Bioprospecting.