biopiracy


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biopiracy

(bī′ō-pī′rə-sē)
n.
The commercial development of biological compounds or genetic sequences by a technologically advanced country or organization without obtaining consent from or providing fair compensation to the peoples or nations in whose territory the materials were discovered.

bi′o·pi′rate (bī′ō-pī′rĭt) n.
(1) The patenting of plants, genes, and other biological products that are indigenous to another country
(2) The unauthorised commandeering by wealthy nations or companies of biologically ‘interesting’ molecules—e.g., extremozymes, conotoxins, and others—from cash-poor, biodiversity-rich regions—e.g., Brazil—usually those lacking the financial resources to develop products or the legal resources to stop gene theft

biopiracy

The use of wild plants by international companies to develop medicines, without recompensing the countries from which they are taken.
References in periodicals archive ?
Canadian activist Pat Mooney defined biopiracy as part of a counter attack strategy that developing countries and Indigenous peoples are using against developed countries and corporations who accused them of "intellectual piracy.
The biopiracy cannot be allowed to continue unabated because of the assumed belief that the indigenous knowledge in Asia, Africa or Latin American is not published or documented.
To prevent biopiracy, the resoluton urged that the grant of a patent be made conditional upon a requirement to disclose the origin of genetic resources and traditional knowledge used in inventions and provide evidence of consent from authorities in the provider country and also evidence of fair benefit sharing.
Since then, because of this database, over 1000 cases of biopiracy have been identified and over 105 claims withdrawn or cancelled by patent offices," he added.
Focusing on intellectual property rights and biopiracy, research of this approach fostered struggles against environmental racism by 'reading up' the power structure, including the policies relating to pollution and toxic waste that became legitimised by WTOs.
The Indian government has filed a biopiracy lawsuit against Monsanto for stealing indigenous plants to develop genetically modified versions of them to sell without any compensation going back to the people or nation where the plants originally came from.
Some individuals, such as Biopiracy author Vandana Shiva, fear environmental 'neocolonialism,' in which
Biopiracy and commercialisation of ethnobotanical knowledge.
Knowledge has been commodified by biopiracy (the enclosure/expropriation of the inherited intellectual commons), separation of knowledge from control over the production process (via smart machines), the expansion of copyright, persistent attempts at intellectual monopolies within particular product areas, the unwillingness of capital to pay for intellectual inputs despite wanting high prices for intellectual outputs, and owing to the increasing importance of knowledge-intensive industries.
Misappropriation of Shuar Traditional Knowledge (TK) and Trade Secrets: A Case Study on Biopiracy in the Amazon, 15 J.