biological determinism


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biological determinism

A theory that explains free will as a rationalisation, artefact or epiphenomenon which is biochemically or genetically predetermined. If biological determinism were supported by data, the impact on society and the legal system would be enormous, as a person’s faults and transgressions would be attributed to factors beyond his or her control, and not a manifestation of dysfunction and maladjustment.
References in periodicals archive ?
As this paper has shown, post-structuralist feminists and theorists within gender and sexuality studies have criticised the biological determinism and also of much theorisations of it; and against this have argued that sex like gender depends on social and cultural factors.
To reduce this conception to simple biological determinism, as the reading that sees Othello's acts as atavism does, collapses the rich set of early modern associations with the term "blood," obscuring the idea of identity at work in the play.
The shift away from biological determinism within the Institute was consistent with the post-WWI shift in criminology towards sociological criminology, especially in Chicago.
Although it deconstructed the tradition of biological determinism, at the same time it, maintained the ideal of a feminine woman.
Many readers might well assume that embracing biological determinism and reducing sexual desire and orientation to the balance of genes and hormones found in the brain would lead to a fundamental equity and respect for all people and all orientations.
The last people to talk unabashedly about biological determinism were eugenicists; to talk in some quarters today about biological nature decisively influencing human behavior is to invite reproach.
As you read along, it becomes clear that he believes these prove the biological determinism implied in the title, whereas, for instance, what the twin studies show is that only half of identical twins of gay men are also gay.
She outlined four explanations for ethnic differences in health and wellbeing: biological determinism (genetic predisposition); risk factors or risk-laden lifestyles: health service factors (eg access and quality); and socio-economic status.
Historian Ricki Solinger (1992) contends that a cultural determinism replaced an earlier biological determinism in a strain of postwar social work discourse on unwed motherhood in the African-American community.
Such findings from ethological primate studies are important for studies of human fathering in that they caution against simple biological determinism.
For a tradition that defines freedom from biological conditionality as its highest soteriological aspiration, Jainism's preoccupations with gender, food, and the materiality of the soul struggle to shake off the fetters of biological determinism even in its highest religious vision.
Thus, research on the biological factors in language and learning should not be equated with biological determinism.
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