biological determinism


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biological determinism

A theory that explains free will as a rationalisation, artefact or epiphenomenon which is biochemically or genetically predetermined. If biological determinism were supported by data, the impact on society and the legal system would be enormous, as a person’s faults and transgressions would be attributed to factors beyond his or her control, and not a manifestation of dysfunction and maladjustment.
References in periodicals archive ?
In making his case against biological determinism, Perry takes aim at Richard Dawkins's "selfish gene" theory, at Raymond Dart's "killer ape" theory (the idea that violence and aggression made us human), and at Desmond Morris's description of humans as "naked apes.
As this paper has shown, post-structuralist feminists and theorists within gender and sexuality studies have criticised the biological determinism and also of much theorisations of it; and against this have argued that sex like gender depends on social and cultural factors.
Furthermore, this consistent pattern of findings was observed despite differences between these two samples on participants' level of sexual prejudice and perceived biological determinism, thereby providing additional support to the idea that the examined process is consistent across these two countries.
Hegarty also cautions that "given the variety of symbolic uses that such hypothetical biological differences can come to serve, presenting biological determinism as a pro-lesbian and gay strategy .
The 1910 report of the Committee on a System for Recording Data Concerning Criminals (Committee A) illustrates the tendency of biological determinism to dominate members' imaginations.
Biological determinism has attracted a diverse litany of experts (Biddulph, 1995, 1997; Gurian, 2002; Lillico, 2003), keen to cite instances of schools' ongoing discriminatory practices against boys' socalled naturally-occurring, more active learning styles.
The preservation of the ideals of biological determinism (20) can be viewed as an indicator of a strong connection between the values of female journalists and the traditional gender order.
It is the acceptance of any kind of biological determinism.
Gat does not argue for biological determinism, but his central thesis implies more of a biological element for explanations of war than most historians would be willing to accept.
If adaptation or biological determinism is so strong, these policies would do little to raise happiness.
Thus there are essentially three positions in play: biological determinism, social learning, and a choice model.
Barnes's treatment of lesbian lore and homosexual longing as forms of narcissistic object-choice thwarts earlier notions of biological determinism that tended either to privilege heterosexual reproduction (as was the case in Freud's work), or to denigrate homosexuality as a form of degeneration and decay; Nightwood instead embraces decay, Rupprecht argues, as a means for undermining the stable notions of identity that tend to underwrite defenses of lesbianism.
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