biocomputing


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biocomputing

(bī′ō-kŏm-pyo͞o′tĭng)
n.
1. The use of cells or biological molecules such as DNA to perform the functions of an electronic computer. Also called biological computing.

biocomputing

(1) The use of computers to decipher various aspects of biological molecules—e.g., to determine molecular structure, energy states and dynamics.
(2) The computing activities and research on biochemical or biological phenomena—e.g., neural networking, biosensors and molecular design.
(3) The use of biomolecules—e.g., DNA and proteins—to perform complex calculations involving storing, retrieving and processing of data.

biocomputing

broadly, the use of computers for any biological purpose including data storage and analysis, see BIOINFORMATICS; addressing biological questions, for example using computer chips, such as DNA CHIPS/DNA MICROARRAYS and PROTEIN CHIPS, computer modelling, animations, virtual laboratories and so on. Conversely, the use of biological processes as a model for developing new computing systems (biologically-inspired computing).
References in periodicals archive ?
Taking example of intra and inter-cellular communications, existing in living organisms; the information carrying and manipulation properties of nanostructures like atomic/molecular clusters, quantum dots, macro and bio molecules attempts are going on to explore them for their use in future biocomputing (Steve Farrar, 2006).
In Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium of Biocomputing (PSB01), 2001.
Advanced computational methods for biocomputing and bioimaging.
Freeman, including: 'Making Sense of Brain Waves: The Most Baffling Frontier in Neuroscience', lecture to the International Conference on Biocomputing, University of Gainesville, FL, 25-27 February 2001; How Brains Make up their Minds (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1999); Neurodynamics: An Exploration of Mesoscopic Brain Dynamics (London: Springer, 2000); and, with J.
Commenting on your October 2005 article regarding biocomputing simulation, there is a similar collaborative effort by BOINC, and another by IBM called GRID.
These agreements are expected to provide the biocomputing capacity and connectivity to help with the development of novel tools and technologies for high throughput proteomic analysis and the rapid screening of antibody and small molecule drug candidates for improved specificity.
Arranged alphabetically and with extensive indexes and cross-references, including a 70-page general index and a 12-page name index, the Encyclopedia features 900 illustrations, including 16 pages of full-color photographs that illustrate the latest techniques used in biocomputing, CD-ROM technology, computer-aided engineering, and computer art.
The period from 2030 through the 2050s in manufacturing will be typified by the developments of microfabrication, virtual marketing and testing, and biocomputing.
An increase in the number of grants to individual researchers and initiatives, such as gene sequencing and biocomputing, is also expected to result from the increase in funding.
Lincoln Stein, MD, PhD, Professor at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and Platform Leader of Informatics and Biocomputing at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research; and
Thea Wilkins, former Professor of Cotton Genomics in Texas Tech's Department of Plant and Soil Sciences in close collaboration with scientists at Bayer CropScience and next-generation genomic sequencing technology and biocomputing providers, KeyGene and NCGR.