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The initial impact of nutrigenomics on dietetics will be felt increasingly over the next decade and then will escalate as the research foundation clarifies the interactions among genes, environment and bioactive food components and provides the basis for using these food components to effect desirable outcomes.
Using the example of the omega-3 fatty acid EPA, Dr Halperin from Harvard argued that bioactive food components can show how gene action can occur at a number of levels and thus how food may have an impact on a number of diseases.
Classes of chemopreventive agents: anti-inflammatory agents, modulators of cancer-associated pathways, modulators of epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathways, modulators of TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathway, modulators of nuclear-receptor superfamily, bioactive food components (BFCs).