bile salts


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bile salts

the salt forms of bile acids; for example, taurocholate, glycocholate.

bile salts

Etymology: L, bilis, bile; AS, sealt
a mixture of sodium salts of the bile acids and cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids synthesized in the liver as a derivative of cholesterol. Their low surface tension contributes to the emulsification of fats in the intestine and their absorption from the GI tract.

bile salts

The sodium salts found in bile. Sodium taurocholate and sodium glycocholate. These salts act as emulsifying agents to assist in the absorption of dietary fats.

bile salts

the sodium salts secreted in bile, sodium taurocholate and sodium glycocholate, which greatly lower surface tension and are important in emulsifying fats.

bile

a clear yellow, orange or green fluid produced by the liver. It is concentrated and stored in the gallbladder, and is poured into the small intestine via the bile ducts when needed for digestion. Bile helps in alkalinizing the intestinal contents and plays a role in the digestion and absorption of fat; its chief constitutents are conjugated bile salts, cholesterol, phospholipid, bilirubin and electrolytes. See also bile duct, biliary.

bile acids
steroid acids derived from cholesterol; classified as primary, those synthesized in the liver, e.g. cholic and chenodeoxycholic acid, or secondary, those produced from primary bile acids by intestinal bacteria and returned to the liver by enterohepatic circulation, e.g. deoxycholic and lithocholic acid.
bile acid assay
are used in the diagnosis of liver disease and portacaval shunts when there are increased levels in the blood.
bile lake
bile duct obstruction may cause distention and rupture of biliary canaliculi. Small bile lakes result causing focal hepatic necrosis.
bile passages
bile canaliculi drain into bile ductules and interlobular ducts. These unite to form a series of hepatic ducts which carry the bile to the porta where they unite to form the common hepatic duct. This duct receives a cystic duct from the gallbladder (absent in the horse) and thence becomes the bile duct.
bile peritonitis
leakage of bile from the common bile duct or gallbladder may occur as a result of trauma, including perforation during percutaneous needle biopsy of the liver, and (rarely) erosion from biliary calculi. A chemical peritonitis results and may be fatal unless surgical repair is accomplished.
bile pigment
any one of the coloring matters of the bile; they are bilirubin, biliverdin, bilifuscin, biliprasin, choleprasin, bilihumin and bilicyanin. See also urobilinogen, stercobilin.
bile pleuritis
inflammation of the pleura resulting from perforating thoracic trauma with hepatodiaphragmatic fistula or iatrogenically from percutaneous liver biopsy techniques.
bile reflux
usually refers to movement of bile from the duodenum into the stomach where it may alter the gastric mucosal barrier causing gastritis and ulceration.
white bile
1. bile containing much mucin.
2. bile trapped in obstructed system for a long period and from which pigments have been resorbed.
References in periodicals archive ?
The drug significantly stimulated the secretion of bile salts, phospholipids and bile cholesterol, particularly in rats with high cholesterolemia.
They obtained a higher PCB concentration through a higher solubility in the exposure medium caused by addition of oleic acid to a DMEM solution with sodium taurocholate, a bile salt.
In the present investigation, we have investigated the probiotic characteristics such as adherence capability, acid tolerance, and bile salt tolerance of the T-Pg4 strain in vitro.
At physiological pH, the hepatic uptake of bile salts is a rate limiting step in the entero-hepatic circulation (7).
Bile salts have been shown to induce inflammation in the larynges of rats (1) and canines (16) at both acid and neutral pH.
But if the bile contains too much cholesterol and not enough bile salts, gallstones can form.
A low-fat diet, medicines to aid digestion of bile salts, and antidiarrheal medications may be helpful.
After reports of the first three cases, fecal samples from ill factory workers were cultured in sorbitol indole pyruvic acid bile salts agar (SIB) medium at 35 [degrees] C to 37 [degrees] C for 18 to 24 hours at the Kyoto City Institute of Health and Environmental Sciences.
Because of the low pH, the presence of bile salts and the competitive environment of the human intestinal tract, questions have arisen regarding the survivability (and therefore efficacy) of probiotics as a category.
b) The gastrointestinal microbiota composition is influenced by bile salts and bile salts themselves are chemically modified by bacterial enzymes in the gut, including bacterial bile salt hydrolase
The canalicular membrane contains a bile salt export pump (BSEP) for monovalent bile salts, a conjugate export pump (MRP2) for divalent bile salts, and various other amphipathic conjugates (Saito et al.
Scientists have proposed that Lactobacillus bacteria alone may impact cholesterol levels in several ways, including breaking apart molecules known as bile salts.