bethanechol chloride


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bethanechol chloride

(bĕ-thăn′ĭ-kôl′)
n.
A cholinergic drug that acts principally by stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system and is used in the form of its chloride to treat urinary retention.

bethanechol chloride

[bethan′əkol]
a cholinergic.
indications It is prescribed in the treatment of fecal and urinary retention and neurogenic atony of the bladder.
contraindications Uncertain strength of the bladder, obstruction of the GI or urinary tract, hyperthyroidism, peptic ulcer, bronchial asthma, cardiovascular disease, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, hypotension, or known hypersensitivity to this drug prohibits its use. It is not given during pregnancy. It is never given intramuscularly or intravenously.
adverse effects Among the more serious adverse reactions are flushing, headache, GI distress, diarrhea, excessive salivation, sweating, and hypotension.

bethanechol chloride

A cholinergic agent with muscarinic effects, which stimulates the parasympathetic system, increasing smooth muscle activity of the gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) tracts.
 
Indications
GI and GU atony—e.g., neurogenic bladder, atony of stomach after vagotomy, postoperative gastric retention, acute postoperative and postpartum urinary retention, reflux esophagitis, GERD/GORD.

Adverse effects
Dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, increased saliva, urinary urgency, sweating, flushing, watery eyes, or headache.

bethanechol chloride

Urecholine A cholinergic agent with muscarinic effects, which stimulates smooth muscle activity of the GI and GU tracts Indications Gi and GU atony–eg, neurogenic bladder, atony of stomach after vagotomy, postoperative gastric retention, acute postoperative and postpartum urinary retention, reflux esophagitis, GERD

pilocarpine 

An alkaloid obtained from the leaves of Pilocarpus microphyllus and other species of Pilocarpus. It is a parasympathomimetic (direct-acting cholinergic) drug, which mimics the effect of acetylcholine causing miosis and accommodation. It counteracts sympathomimetic mydriatics. It is used in the treatment of glaucoma. Pilocarpine hydrochloride is most commonly applied to the eye as a 1% solution. Carbachol and bethanechol chloride are other parasympathomimetic drugs with similar effects to pilocarpine. See parasympathomimetic drug; physostigmine.

bethanechol chloride (bəthan´əkol),

n brand names: Duvoid, Urecholine, Urebeth;
drug class: cholinergic stimulant;
action: stimulates muscarinic acetylcholine receptors directly; stimulates gastric motility;
uses: treatment of postoperative or postpartum urinary retention and neurogenic atony of bladder with retention.