The natural food colors, by type, has been segmented into caramel, carotenoids, anthocyanins, and others which include betalains
, anthraquinones, carmine, cochineal extract, curcumin, turmeric, and copper chlorophyllin.
It also contains substances called betalains
, which give the beets their brilliant colour.
Our BRC is standardized to contain a minimum content of 25% betalains
and is substantially free of sugars and nitrates.
Functional properties of anthocyanins and betalains
in plants, food, and in human nutrition.
The changes in a* values of sausage samples were because Amaranthus pigments contain betalains
and anthocyanins, which exhibit red or violet (Cai et al.
In seven updated and clearly organized chapters, scientists from Germany, the UK, and Australia overview the biochemistry, physiology, and function of secondary metabolism and review the major groups of secondary metabolites: alkaloids and betalains
, cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and nonprotein amino acids, phenyl propanoids and related phenolics, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides, and saponins.
are pigmented nitrogenous phenols found only in the plants of the order Centrospermae (Smith, 1976).
8] Schliemann W, Yizhong C, Thomas D, Jiirgen S and C Harold Betalains
of Celosia argentea.
Absorption, excretion, and distribution of dietary antioxidant betalains
in LDLs: potential health effects of betalains
It also strengthens antioxidant protection thanks to its high content in bioavailablc betalains
Most families within the Caryophyllales produce betalains
and lack anthocyanins, except for Caryophyllaceae and Molluginaceae, which produce only anthocyanins.
are water-soluble, nitrogen-containing pigments, which include the red-violet betacyanins and the yellow betax-anthins.