betaine


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Related to betaine: taurine, betaine hydrochloride

betaine

 [be´tah-ēn]
the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

be·ta·ine

(bē'tă-īn), Avoid the mispronunciation bē'tān.
1. An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
2. A class of compounds related to betaine. (1) (that is, R3N+-CHR'-COO-), for example, glycine betaine.
Synonym(s): glycine betaine

betaine

/be·ta·ine/ (be´tah-ēn) the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

betaine

(bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

be·ta·ine

(bā'tă-ēn)
An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.

betaine

the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate.
References in periodicals archive ?
L-Carnitine and betaine contents in meat samples were determined by the method of Li et al.
001 M betaine (glycine betaine) (Sigma Chemical Company, St.
1984, "Osmotic adjustment of cyanobacteria: the effect of NaCl, KCl, sucrose and glycine betaine on glutamine synthatase activity in a marine and a halotolerant strain," J.
Chemical treatment of Navigator paper in cocamidopropyl betaine solution had caused slightly increasing of reflection values for non aged sample in comparison with original and Navigator samples soaked in sodium lauryl ether sulfate and fatty alcohol etoksylate solution.
Similarly, for those whose betaine levels were in the top third, homocysteine levels were 10% lower, CRP levels were 19% lower, and TNF-alpha levels were 12% lower, compared with participants in the bottom third.
Meanwhile, the survival rates of mice after radiation exposures, both low-LET radiation and heavy particle radiation, are improved when glycine betaine is administered.
Betaine can be used for methyl donation but not the other functions of choline.
Other alternatives are betaine (6 grams per day, taken for a period of months) and N-acetyl cysteine in a dose of 3 grams per day.
This finding suggests that arsenic has a physiological role related to BHMT or in the metabolism of betaine from choline, or that arsenic deprivation results in more S-adenosylhomocysteine which inhibits BHMT.
Package I interferon beta - 1 andPackage II interferon beta - 1 andPackage III interferon beta - 1bPackage IV interferon beta - 1bPackage V glatiramer acetalPackage VI fingolimodPackage VII natalizumabPackage VIII imiglucerasePackage IX alglucosidase alfaPackage X Betaine.