bat

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bat

(bat),
A member of the mammalian order Chiroptera.
[M.E. bakke]

bat

(băt)
n.
Any of various nocturnal flying mammals of the order Chiroptera, having membranous wings that extend from the forelimbs to the hind limbs or tail and anatomical adaptations for echolocation, by which they navigate and hunt prey.

bat

A family of small flying mammals, order Chiroptera.
 
Bat pathogens
Duvenhage virus, Histoplasma capsulatum, Kasokero virus, Mokola virus, Lyssavirus, rabies, salmonellosis, Yuli virus.

BAT

Abbreviation for:
behavioural avoidance test
Bivalirudin Angioplasty Trial
blood alcohol testing
blunt abdominal trauma
Breath Alcohol Technician
brown adipose tissue

Bivalirudin Angioplasty Trial  A trial comparing bivalirudin/Angiomax to heparin in patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for unstable angina.
 
Primary endpoint
In-hospital death, acute MI, target lesion revascularisation.
 
Conclusion
Post-PTCA for unstable angina, ASA and bivalirudin/Angiomax has fewer cardiac and haemorrhagic in-hospital events than ASA and heparin; post-PCI infusion of antithrombotics was used in both study groups.

Logistics
Randomised, double-blinded; 4315 patients—2151 heparin + aspirin, 2161 bivalirudin + aspirin.

BAT

Blunt abdominal trauma. See Blunt trauma.

BAT

Abbreviation for breath alcohol technician.

BAT

Abbrev for brown adipose tissue.

bat

a flying mammal of the order CHIROPTERA, the only true flying vertebrate apart from the birds.

bat


Australian bat lyssavirus disease
a disease identified in 1996 in Australian fruit-eating flying foxes (Pteropus spp.) in which it is presumed endemic and in which it may cause encephalitis; the virus, of the genus Lyssavirus and the family Rhabdoviridae, has also caused fatal rabies-like illness in persons working closely with infected bats.
bat rabies
caused by rabies-like viruses which are antigenically similar to the classical rabies rhabdovirus. Bats also are common carriers of rabies virus transmitting it to other species and between themselves both by bite and by aerosol inhalation of urine. See also lagos and mokola viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Continued monitoring of bat rabies in Oklahoma should provide information related to variations and frequency of rabies among bat species in Oklahoma as well as its etiology and epizoology within the state.
Rates of viral evolution are linked to host geography in bat rabies.
During 1977-2011 in Europe, 988 cases of bat rabies were reported to the Rabies Bulletin Europe.
Host and viral ecology determine bat rabies seasonality and maintenance.
The coyote has yet to be tested to determine whether it contracted the same strain of bat rabies found in the other dead animals.
There have been only three deaths from bat rabies in Europe since 1977.
Experts assure us this is a rare case and there has not been a death from bat rabies for a century.
The incident would only be the second known case of this strain of bat rabies being found in Britain.
Although vampire bat rabies has a major effect with regard to livestock losses in Latin America (1), rabies is generally not associated with agricultural animals because the main terrestrial reservoirs are domestic dog populations of the developing world and wildlife carnivores elsewhere.
Delta Passengers Not Exposed To Bat Rabies A bat swooping around the passenger cabin during a Delta Air Lines flight last August may have been unnerving for passengers, but there is no evidence anyone was exposed to rabies, a federal health agency said on Thursday.
The area around Flagstaff, Arizona (Coconino County), USA, was free of sustained rabies virus transmission until 2001, when a spillover of a bat rabies virus variant was followed by a suspected host shift, with increased transmission in striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) populations (5).
Experts assure us this is a rare case and that there has not been a death from bat rabies for a century.