basidiobolomycosis


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entomophthoromycosis

 
any disease in humans or other animals caused by fungi of the order entomophthorales; human infections usually occur in apparently physiologically and immunologically normal individuals, although opportunistic infections also occur.
entomophthoromycosis basidio´bolae a chronic infection caused by Basidiobolus ranarum, in which gradually enlarging granulomas form in the subcutaneous tissues of the arms, chest, and trunk. Multiple purulent ulcers may develop; seen in children and adolescents in tropical areas of Indonesia, India, and Africa. Called also basidiobolomycosis.
entomophthoromycosis conidio´bolae infection by Conidiobolus coronatus, a form of zygomycosis usually involving the nose and paranasal sinuses (rhinoentomophthoromycosis). Sometimes, especially in weak or immunocompromised patients, it can spread to the central nervous system and cause fatal rhinocerebral zygomycosis.

basidiobolomycosis

An infection with a zygomycetous mould fungus, Basidiobolus haptosporus . This is seen mainly in children in Africa and Indonesia. There are localized, hard, woody swellings under the skin. The condition responds to treatment with potassium iodide.

basidiobolomycosis

infection by fungi in the genus Basidiobolus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Basidiobolomycosis is a rare disease caused by the fungus Basidiobolus ranarum, an environmental saprophyte found worldwide.
Features were suggestive of colonic basidiobolomycosis.
The biopsy revealed granulomatous inflammation with fungal hyphae associated with prominent eosinophilic material (spendore hoeppli phenomenon) infiltrate and multinucleated giant cells (Figure 7), features suggestive of basidiobolomycosis.
Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis is extremely unusual; only 15 cases have been reported worldwide (2 cases from Nigeria, 4 from Brazil, 1 from Kuwait, and 8 from the United States).
7) However, van den Berk et al (8) have presented a case of obstructing colon tumor with associated liver mass and Bigliazzi et al (9) have presented a case of disseminated basidiobolomycosis in an immunocompetent woman, with lung involvement as the first clinical manifestation.
Most reported cases of basidiobolomycosis show the presence of a prominent or intense Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon surrounding fungal elements.
Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis should be kept in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Potassium iodide (KI) has been used successfully for treatment of subcutaneous basidiobolomycosis but not GIB.
Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis can be detected on deeper mucosal biopsies, as the infection seems to involve the nonmucosal layers of the gastrointestinal tract.
Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis may be emerging as a result of various environmental and demographic factors.
Histological and ultrastructural features of gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis.
Prior to 1995, only six cases of gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis had been reported in the literature: one in Florida, one in Nigeria, and four in Brazil.