basal rate


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basal rate

A generic term for any baseline level of secretion or production of a particular substance.

basal rate

In patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), the amount of pain reliever that is infused independent of any demands made by the patient.

Patient care

The basal rate of drug infusion in PCA is often set at zero to ensure that all doses of pain medication are dictated by the patient's individual needs for pain control. High basal rates may occasionally result in narcotic overdose. Basal rates above zero are used under carefully controlled circumstances to facilitate rest or sleep.

References in periodicals archive ?
Like insulin pumps, the OmniPod features precise, personalized, continuous insulin delivery with basal rate and bolus delivery options, safety checks and alarm features.
On the utility of uniformity in the definition of basal rate of metabolism.
As an example, the JewelPUMP2 is able to detect an occlusion on the cannula during a basal rate of 0.
It is least when patients are on variable basal rate with insulin pump therapy.
He has learned a different vocabulary that includes such terms as carb ratio, bolus, basal rate, and "how high are you?
On exercise days participants were asked to decrease their insulin dose (by 10% for long to intermediate acting or 50% decrease in basal rate one hour pre-exercise in those receiving continuous subcutaneous injection).
Insulin in normoglycaemic individuals is produced at a basal rate even in the fasting state to limit lipolysis and hepatic glucose output.
The basal rate can be changed for variations in activity levels and carbohydrate intake (9,16).
The Animas[TM] 2020 Insulin Pump is an audible automatic pump that delivers insulin at a basal rate of 0.
Along with eliminating the need for multiple injections, they provide a continuous basal rate, which reduces the risk of mean glucose excursions and hypoglycemia.
Empirical models that have proved to be useful to specific forest soil types generally calculate field rates of soil N mineralisation (Nmin) by adjusting a basal rate (k, determined from laboratory incubation of soil) by soil temperature (Tm) and soil water (Wm) modifiers (Goncalves and Carlyle 1994; O'Connell and Rance 1999):