bark

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bark

(bark),
1. The envelope or covering of the roots, trunk, and branches of plants. Barks of pharmacologic significance not listed below are alphabetized under specific names.
2. Synonym(s): cinchona

bark

(bahrk) the rind or outer cortical cover of the woody parts of a plant, tree, or shrub.
cramp bark  the dried bark of Viburnum opulus, the high bush or cranberry tree; it has been used as an antispasmodic, uterine sedative, and antiscorbutic.
elm bark , slippery elm bark the dried inner bark of the slippery elm, Ulmus rubra, which is mucilaginous and demulcent.
white willow bark  a preparation of the bark of various Salix species collectively known as white willow, containing salicin, a precursor of salicylic acid; used as an antiinflammatory and antipyretic.
yohimbe bark  a preparation of the bark of Pausinystalia yohimbe, used for the same indications as yohimbine hydrochloride; it has also been used traditionally as an aphrodisiac and for skin diseases and obesity.

bark

Botany
The outer covering of trees and some plants, which consists of a cuticle (epidermis), outer bark (cortex) and inner bark (fibre).
 
Herbal medicine
(1) China, see there.
(2) Cinchona, see there; Cinchona species.
 
Veterinary medicine
The harsh sound uttered by a dog.

bark

the outer, living part of a woody stem, consisting of three layers:
  1. an inner layer called secondary PHLOEM, containing the elements of primary phloem plus horizontal ray cells which function in transporting materials across the stem.
  2. a middle layer of cork CAMBIUM, a group of meristematic (dividing) cells originating in the PARENCHYMA cells of the outer stem cortex. As the cells divide, the outer ones develop into cork cells and the inner ones give rise to parenchyma-like tissue.
  3. CORK, an outer region of cells forming a waterproof and protective layer broken only by LENTICELS.

bark

1. the voice of the dog.
2. the outer covering of a tree.

bark eating
a form of pica often indicative of boredom, nutritional deficiency of fiber or behavioral problem.
bark suppression
References in periodicals archive ?
If he is excited he will probably bark when visitors call, when you get his lead to go for a walk and when you make his dinner.
If JJ doesn't bark during those three seconds, then hand him the bowl.
Thermal degradation characteristics of phenol-formaldehyde resins derived from beetle infested pine barks.
Bark is the outer layer of a tree, protecting it from weather, insects, bacteria and fungal infections, in some respects like skin protects the body.
Barking is common among both birds and mammals, including deer, seals, and monkeys, but is the hallmark of domesticated dogs since they bark more frequently than any other animal, even wolves, their closest cousin.
The mother of two began cutting bark off trees in a park, then dried and ground it up at home.
Some modern collars have a feature that will allow a dog a couple of barks with a grace period of a few seconds before the electrical stimulation kicks in.
Native Americans used fringe tree root bark externally for cuts, bruises, wounds, toothache and internal pains.
I often wonder what our parkways would look like in winter if the crape myrtles planted there possessed colorful bark.
But then researchers in Germany and the United States produced evidence that dog barks were highly variable and seemed to be associated with different sorts of behaviour.