bark


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bark

(bark),
1. The envelope or covering of the roots, trunk, and branches of plants. Barks of pharmacologic significance not listed below are alphabetized under specific names.
2. Synonym(s): cinchona

bark

(bahrk) the rind or outer cortical cover of the woody parts of a plant, tree, or shrub.
cramp bark  the dried bark of Viburnum opulus, the high bush or cranberry tree; it has been used as an antispasmodic, uterine sedative, and antiscorbutic.
elm bark , slippery elm bark the dried inner bark of the slippery elm, Ulmus rubra, which is mucilaginous and demulcent.
white willow bark  a preparation of the bark of various Salix species collectively known as white willow, containing salicin, a precursor of salicylic acid; used as an antiinflammatory and antipyretic.
yohimbe bark  a preparation of the bark of Pausinystalia yohimbe, used for the same indications as yohimbine hydrochloride; it has also been used traditionally as an aphrodisiac and for skin diseases and obesity.

bark

Botany
The outer covering of trees and some plants, which consists of a cuticle (epidermis), outer bark (cortex) and inner bark (fibre).
 
Herbal medicine
(1) China, see there.
(2) Cinchona, see there; Cinchona species.
 
Veterinary medicine
The harsh sound uttered by a dog.

bark

the outer, living part of a woody stem, consisting of three layers:
  1. an inner layer called secondary PHLOEM, containing the elements of primary phloem plus horizontal ray cells which function in transporting materials across the stem.
  2. a middle layer of cork CAMBIUM, a group of meristematic (dividing) cells originating in the PARENCHYMA cells of the outer stem cortex. As the cells divide, the outer ones develop into cork cells and the inner ones give rise to parenchyma-like tissue.
  3. CORK, an outer region of cells forming a waterproof and protective layer broken only by LENTICELS.

bark

1. the voice of the dog.
2. the outer covering of a tree.

bark eating
a form of pica often indicative of boredom, nutritional deficiency of fiber or behavioral problem.
bark suppression
References in periodicals archive ?
Find out what is making him bark and then, if you can, prevent him from seeing, hearing or smelling it.
Prior planted three woody ornamentals in three types of potting media (pine bark, clean chip residue, and "Whole Tree," a product made from the entire tree).
It's better to buy ready-made bark chips or composted bark.
Again, how you manage and modify your dog's barking will depend on what's motivating him to bark.
If JJ doesn't bark during those three seconds, then hand him the bowl.
No difference in bark removal was found between methods for log grades cut from the lower portion of the stem.
Excited participant Sandy Holde demonstrated the process, which uses an empty soda can as the mold to shape the moist bark pieces and stakes, to get the pieces to adhere to the correct shape.
The anti-malarial quinine comes from the bark of the Cinchona tree and salicylic acid, the basis of aspirin, is found in willow bark.
The thin, rubbery bark does well adhering to itself by way of friction, when a layer or two are wrapped over each other.
The interaction, even today, causes conflict within the dog--it does not know whether to stand its ground or run away from the intruder, so it barks.
On sunny days in the winter, tree bark will be warmed and expanded.
I recognize the peeling, gleaming white trunks of paper birch and the smooth, light-gray bark of American beech, but most often, I see bark as a blur of browns and grays.