barbiturate coma


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barbiturate coma

Etymology: Ger, Saint Barbara's Day, Gk, koma, deep sleep
an effect of barbituric acid or its derivatives, which may be rapid-acting sedatives, hypnotics, and respiratory depressants. Barbiturate coma may be intentionally induced for the treatment of some neurological conditions.

barbiturate coma

The use of barbiturates (e.g., pentobarbital) to induce a loss of consciousness, which has a secondary or “double” effect of inducing hypoxia and respiratory failure.

barbiturate coma

Medical ethics The use of barbiturates–eg, pentobarbital, to induce a loss of consciousness, which has a 2º–'double' effect of inducing hypoxia and respiratory failure. See Euthanasia, Physician-assisted suicide.

barbiturate coma

A coma caused by ingestion or injection of barbiturates. It is used clinically in the treatment of elevated intracranial pressure.

Patient care

The patient usually requires intubation and mechanical ventilation. Ventilatory status and oxygenation are monitored, adequate ventilation is maintained, and pulmonary toilet is provided. Aseptic technique is used for all procedures to prevent nosocomial infections.

See also: coma
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical outcome and cognitive impairment in patients with severe head injury treated with barbiturate coma, Acta Neurochirurgica, 117(3-4), 153-159.
Clinical application of barbiturate coma for treating intracranial hypertension began approximately three decades ago.
The electroencephalogram (EEG) should be monitored continuously during a barbiturate coma.